2001 Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions

Conference Proceedings

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Conference Cover Page
Title Page
Program Committee
Conference Objectives
Sponsor's Page
Moderator Instructions
Presenters
Conference Program
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 (1) Dispersion and Emissions of 1,3-D in Florida Field Soil
Ou,1 L.-T., J. E. Thomas,1 L. H. Allen, Jr.,2 L. A. McCormack,1 J. C. Vu,2 and D. W. Dickson3 1Soil and Water Science Department, 2USDA/ARS and Agronomy Department, 3Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611

(2) THE EC FORMULATION OF THE 1,3 DICHLOROPROPENE AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO METHYL BROMYDE  IN THE CONTROL OF ROOT-KNOT NEMATODES
F. Lamberti*, A. Minuto, S. Caroppo, N. Sasanelli,  L. Ambrogioni, T. D’Addabbo, A. Carella, E. Tescari, M.I. Coiro and C.A. Spotti Istituto di Nematologia Agraria, C.N.R., Bari Di.Va.P.R.A. Patologia Vegetale, Università di Torino, Grugliasco (Torino) Istituto Sperimentale per la Zoologia Agraria, Mi.P.A.F., Firenze, Italy

(3) NEMATICIDAL AND HERBICIDAL PROPERTIES OF PROPYLENE OXIDE
R. Rodriguez-Kabana and C. F. Weaver. Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849, U.S.A.

(4) PROPYLENE OXIDE, THE REALISTIC REGISTERED FUMIGANT
Tom Griffith, Vice President, ABERCO, INC.

(5) TM-425 (IODOMETHANE): DEVELOPMENT AND REGULATORY STATUS AS A METHYL BROMIDE REPLACEMENT. 
M. A. Allan and C. T. Schiller. Tomen Agro, Inc., 100 First St., Suite 1700, San Francisco, CA 94105, U.S.A. 

(6) PRE-PLANT APPLICATIONS OF SODIUM AZIDE FOR CONTROL OF NEMATODES AND WEEDS IN EGGPLANT PRODUCTION
R. Rodriguez-Kabana, Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849

(7) EFFICACY OF AQUEOUS FORMULATIONS OF SODIUM AZIDE WITH AMINE-PROTEIN STABILIZERS FOR CONTROL OF NEMATODES AND WEEDS IN TOMATO PRODUCTION
R. Rodriguez-Kabana and R. G. Robertson, Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849

(8) SODIUM AZIDE FOR CONTROL OF ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE AND WEEDS IN GREEN PEPPER AND TOMATO PRODUCTION IN  THE SOUSS VALLEY IN MOROCCO
R. Rodriguez-Kabana1 and Hanafi Abdelhaq. Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology1, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, U.S.A, and Department of Plant Protection2, Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine Hassan II, Complexe Horticole, Agadir, Morocco

(9) NEW DEVELOPMENTS OF ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE FOR THE CONTROL OF TOMATO SOIL BORNE PATHOGENS IN COVERED CULTIVATION IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY : MOROCCO
Mohamed Besri Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II Rabat, Morocco m.besri@iav.ac.ma

(10) SOIL SOLARIZATION USING SPRAYABLE PLASTIC POLYMERS TO CONTROL SOILBORNE PATHOGENS IN FIELD CROPS
A. Gamliel1* Y. Skutelsky1 Y. Peretz-Alon2 E. Becker3 1Institute of Agricultural Engineering, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel. 2R&D, Yaham Ma’on Region, Negev 85465, Israel. 3NANA Assets and Management, Nir-Oz 85122 Israel

(11) COMBINATION OF SOIL SOLARIZATION AND CHEMICAL TREATMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF ROOT-KNOT NEMATODES IN SOUTHERN ITALY
F. Lamberti*, N. Sasanelli, T. D’Addabbo, and A. Carella Istituto di Nematologia Agraria – C.N.R., 70126 Bari, Italy

(12) AN ADDITIONAL TIME/TEMPERATURE SOLARIZATION TREATMENT APPROVED IN CALIFORNIA TO ENSURE AGAINST NEMATODE PEST INFESTATION OF CONTAINERIZED NURSERY STOCK
J.J. Stapleton*, T.S. Ruiz, M.V. McKenry, and L. Ferguson, UC Kearney Agricultural Center, University of California, Parlier, CA 93648

(13) THREE YEARS OF SOILBORNE PEST CONTROL IN TOMATO WITH 1,3-D + CHLOROPICRIN AND SOLARIZATION
J. P. Gilreath1*,  J. W. Noling2,  J. P. Jones 1,  S. J. Locascio3   and D. O. Chellemi4 IFAS, University of Florida                         Bradenton, FL 342031, Lake Alfred, FL 338502, and                  Gainesville,FL  326113 and USDA, ARS Ft. Pierce, FL  34945 4

(14) ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE FIELD RESEARCH EFFORTS FOR NEMATODE CONTROL IN FLORIDA
J.W. Noling 1, J. P. Gilreath2 and E.R. Rosskopf.3 1University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, jwn@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu.,  2University of Florida, Bradenton, FL, DrGilreath@aol.com and 3USDA ARS , Ft. Pierce, FL, erosskopf@ushrl.ars.usda.gov.

(15) EVALUATION OF TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATION METHODS FOR CHEMICAL ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE
Dan O. Chellemi*, USDA, ARS, Ft. Pierce, FL; John Mirusso, Mirusso Fumigation & Equipment, Delray Beach, FL; Jerry Nance, Dow AgroSciences, Winter Haven, FL; Ken Shuler, University of Florida, Cooperative Extension Service, West Palm Beach, FL.

(16) TRANSPORT OF FUMIGANT COMPOUNDS THROUGH HDPE AND VIRTUALLY IMPERMEABLE FILMS
Sharon K. Papiernik* and Scott R. Yates USDA-ARS, George E. Brown Jr. Salinity Laboratory, Riverside, CA  92507

(17) ALTERNATIVE  FUMIGANTS APPLIED WITH PE AND VIF MULCHES FOR TOMATO
S. J. Locascio* and D. W. Dickson, Horticultural Sciences and Entomology and Nematology Departments, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0690. and Erin Rosskopf, USDA-ARS, Fort Pierce, FL 34945-3138

(18) UNDERSTANDING SOIL HEALTH AND IT’S IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PHASE OUT OF METHYL BROMIDE
I.J. Porter*, R.W. Brett, S.W. Mattner, V. Bianco and H.E. Donohoe.  Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Knoxfield, PMB 15, Scoresby Business Centre, 3176, Vic., Australia

(19) PREDICTING PATHOGEN CONTROL FROM SOIL FUMIGATION
S. R. Yates*, R. Dungan and S. K. Papiernik USDA-ARS, George E. Brown Jr. Salinity Laboratory, Riverside, CA  92507

(20) CHANGES IN SOIL AND PLANT HEALTH DUE TO PEST MANAGEMENT AND CROP PRODUCTION PRACTICES
Dan O. Chellemi* and Erin Rosskopf, USDA, ARS, Ft. Pierce, FL; David Mitchell, Beth Kannwischer-Mitchell, and Jim Graham, University of Florida

(21) CHANGES IN SOIL MICROBIAL ACTIVITIES UNDER DRIP FUMIGATION
Mary Schutter1, Husein Ajwa1, Lori Orosco2, and Alice Wright2        1 Water Management Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS                  2 Department of Biology, California State University Fresno

(22) CARBONYL SULFIDE AND CYANOGEN AS POTENTIAL NEW SOIL FUMIGANTS
Yong Lin Ren*, E. Jane Wright and Le Trang Vu CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, GPO Box 1700, ACT 2601 Canberra, Australia.  Yonglin.Ren@csiro.au

(23) USDA PROGRAM TO EVALUATE  PROPARGYL BROMIDE AS A SOIL PREPLANT FUMIGANT
Tom Trout, USDA-ARS Water Management Research Laboratory, Fresno, CA

(24) EFFICATIOUS APPLICATION RATES OF PROPARGYL BROMIDE AND IODOMETHANE/CHLOROPICRIN FOR STRAWBERRY PRODUCTION
Husein Ajwa, Mary Schutter, Shad Nelson, Tom Trout, and Christopher Winterbottom USDA-ARS, Water Management Research Laboratory, Fresno California Strawberry Commission, Watsonville

(25) VYDATE L,  METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVE FOR NEMATODES AND INSECTS IN VEGETABLES
Gale E. Drake* DuPont Crop Protection

(26) PLANTPRO 45:  AN OVERVIEW ON SOILBORNE PATHOGEN AND WEED CONTROL
P.D. Adams1*, N. Kokalis-Burelle1, P. Fuentes-Borquez2,3, and W. Basinger2 1USDA, ARS, U. S. Horticultural Research Laboratory, Ft. Pierce, FL 2Ajay North America, LLC, Powder Springs, GA 3SQM Chemicals, Chile 

(27) THE DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSFER TO END USER OF A METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT TO DECONTAMINATE ITEMS INFESTED WITH THE GOLDEN NEMATODE
Bill B. Brodie* and Rebecca Norris, USDA, ARS, Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, and USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Oxford, NC 27565

(28) Performance of commercially available strawberry cultivars in organic production fields
Carolee T. Bull*, USDA/ARS; Steven T. Koike, University of California Cooperative Extension; and Carol Shennan, University of California Santa Cruz

(29) outlook for managing phytophthora diseases on california strawberries without methyl bromide
G.T. Browne1, H.E. Becherer1, M.R. Vazquez1, S.A. McGlaughlin1, R.J. Wakeman1, C.Q. Winterbottom2, J.M. Duniway3, and S.A. Fennimore4. 1USDA-ARS, Dept. of Plant Pathology, UC Davis; 2Sunrise Farms, Watsonville, CA; 3Dept. of Plant Pathology and 4Dept. of Vegetable Crops, 3,4UC Davis

(30) BIOCONTROL OF SEEDLING PATHOGENS AND ROOT-KNOT ON VEGETABLES
D.P. Roberts1*, S.M. Lohrke1, S.L.F. Meyer2, and J.S. Buyer1, USDA-ARS, Sustainable Agricultural Systems Laboratory1 and Nematology Laboratory2, Beltsville, MD 20705

(31) BIOFUMIGATION AND GRAFTING IN PEPPER AS ALTERNATIVE TO METHYL BROMIDE
A.Bello*, J.A.López-Pérez and M.Arias. Centro Ciencias Medioambientales, CSIC. Serrano, 115 dpdo, 28006 Madrid, Spain. antonio.bello@ccma.csic.es A. Lacasa, C. Ros, M.M. Herrero and P.Fernández. CIDA, Estación Sericícola. 30150 La Alberca, Murcia, Spain. alfredo.lacasa@carm.es 

(32) ECO-COMPATIBLE METHODS OF NEMATODE CONTROL IN SOUTHERN ITALY
F. Lamberti*,  T. D’Addabbo, N. Sasanelli,  P. Greco, M.I. Coiro and A. Carella Istituto di Nematologia Agraria, C.N.R., Bari Istituto Scientifico Sperimentale per i Tabacchi, Mi.P.A.F. Sezione di Lecce, Italy

(33) ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE IN GRAIN FUMIGATION SURVEY OF EAST AFRICAN PLANT EXTRACTIVES AGAINST SOIL PATHOGENS EG FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM
David Bwambok and Paul K. Ndalut Chemistry Department, Moi University P.O. Box 3900 Eldoret, Kenya E-mail:  MUMHO@irmmoi.com

(34) PLANT EXTRACTS FOR REPLACEMENT OF METHYL BROMIDE: PRE- AND POST-PLANT APPLICATIONS
Sadik Tuzun*1 , Oktay Yegen2  and Elizabeth Bent1 [1Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL USA.; 2Department of Plant Protection, Akdeniz University, Antalya, TURKEY]

(35) Streptomyces for Biological Control of Pathogenic Fungi and Nematodes
M. L. Smither-Kopperl, T. E. Hewlett, and L.P. Norris Entomos LLC, 4445 SW 35th Terrace, Suite 310, Gainesville, FL 32608

(36) MYCOFUMIGATION: A NOVEL ALTERNATIVE TO METHYL BROMIDE
Nina K. Zidack*, Barry J. Jacobsen, Anna M. Stinson and Gary A. Strobel.  Department of Plant Science and Plant Pathology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717

(37) DISINFECTION OF NUTRIENT SOLUTION IN CLOSED SOILLESS SYSTEMS: RESULTS IN ITALY
A. Minuto*, M.L. Gullino and A. Garibaldi Di.Va.P.R.A. Plant Pathology Department, Via Leonardo Da Vinci n° 44 10095  Grugliasco (TO) Italy - gullino@agraria.unito.it

(38) AGRONOMIC BEHAVIOR OF STRAWBERRY COMING FROM DIFFERENT TYPES OF SOIL FUMIGATION IN NURSERIES
J.M. López‑Aranda (1)*, J.J. Medina (2), L. Miranda (2), B. De Los Santos (2), F. Domínguez (3), M.D. Sánchez-Vidal (4), J. López-Medina (5) and F. Flores (5) (1)  CIFA Málaga, CAP-Junta de Andalucía,  29140 Churriana (Málaga), Spain (2)  CIFA Las Torres-Tomegil, CAP-Junta de Andalucía , 21800 Moguer (Huelva), Spain (3) OCA Deleg. Provinc. de Agricultura y Pesca, 21450 Cartaya (Huelva), Spain (4) Excmo. Ayuntamiento de Cartaya-CIT Malatao, 21450 Cartaya (Huelva), Spain (5) Universidad de Huelva, 21819 Palos de la Frontera (Huelva), Spain

(39) ALTERNATIVE FUMIGANT EFFICACY ON WEEDS IN STRAWBERRY NURSERY AND FRUITING FIELDS
S. Fennimore * 1, M. Haar 2, and H. Ajwa 3 1,2University of California-Davis, Salinas, CA 93905 3USDA-ARS, Water Management Research Laboratory, Fresno, CA 93727

(40) CHEMICAL AND NON-CHEMICAL ALTERNATIVES TO MB FUMIGATION OF SOIL FOR STRAWBERRY. 2000-2001 RESULTS
J.M. López‑Aranda (1)*,  F. Romero (2),  F. Montes (3),  J.J. Medina (2), L.  Miranda (2), B. De Los Santos (2), J.M. Vega (3), J.I. Páez (3), F. Domínguez (4), J. López-Medina (5) and F. Flores (5) (1)  CIFA Málaga, CAP-Junta de Andalucía,  29140 Churriana (Málaga), Spain (2)  CIFA Las Torres-Tomegil, CAP-Junta de Andalucía, 41200 Alcalá del Rio (Sevilla) and 21800 Moguer (Huelva), Spain (3) Laboratorio de Sanidad Vegetal, 41089 Montequinto (Sevilla), Spain (4) OCA,  Delegación Provincial de Agricultura y Pesca, 21450 Cartaya (Huelva), Spain (5) Universidad de Huelva, 21819 Palos de la Frontera (Huelva), Spain

(41) CHEMICAL, CULTURAL, AND BIOLOGICAL ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE FOR STRAWBERRY
J. M. Duniwaya, J.J. Haoa, D. M. Dopkinsa, H. Ajwab, and G. T. Brownec aDepartment of Plant Pathologh, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 bUSDA-ARS, Water Management Research Laboratory, Fresno, CA 93727 cUSDA-ARS, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616

(42)Alternative soil treatments for strawberry in the Southeastern United States
L. M. Ferguson*1, G. E. Fernandez2, P. M. Brannen4, F. J. Louws1, E. B. Poling2, O. B. Sydorovych3, C. D.  Safley3, D. W. Monks2, Z. Pesic-Van Esbroeck1, D. C. Sanders2 and J. P. Smith5.  Departments of Plant Pathology1, Horticulture2 and Agricultural and Resource Economics3 at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, Plant Pathology4 at University of Georgia, Athens, GA, and Clemson Extension Service5, Lexington, SC.

(43) RESULTS FROM 2000-01 USDA IR-4 MBA FIELD TRIALS IN CA AND FL STRAWBERRIES
M. Nelson*, B. Olsen, B. Vander Mey, G. Lepez, and L. Rodriguez, Plant Sciences, Inc., Watsonville, CA; B. Johnson, Ag Consulting, Inc., Mount Dora, FL; W. Currey, Weed Systems, Inc., Hawthorne, FL; and J. Norton, USDA IR-4 Program, North Brunswick, NJ.

(44) STATUS OF METHYL BROMIDE PHASE-OUT IN THE TEMPERATE AUSTRALIAN STRAWBERRY INDUSTRY
Donohoe, H., Mattner, S.*, Brett, R., Bianco, V., Shanks, A., Gounder, R., & Porter, I. Dept. of Nat. Res. & Env., PMB 15, Scoresby Business Centre, 3176, Vic., Australia

(45) Conventional and organic alternatives to methyl bromide on California strawberries
Frank V. Sances Ph.D. Pacific Ag Research, San Luis Obispo, California

(46) MANAGEMENT OF PATHOGENS ASSOCIATED WITH BLACK ROOT ROT OF STRAWBERRY
Frank N. Martin, USDA-ARS, 1636 East Alisal, Salinas, CA  93905

(47) EVALUATION OF MICROIRRIGATION WETTING PATTERNS IN POLYETHYLENE FILM MULCH BEDS
Alex Csinos1, James E. Laska1, Ken Seebold1 and Joe Eger2 1University of Georgia, CPES Department of Plant Pathology, Tifton and 2Dow AgroSciences, Tampa, Fl.

(48) EFFECT OF IRRIGATION TIMES ON WETTING PATTERNS IN FLORIDA VEGETABLE SOILS
J. E. Eger, Jr.1, J. P. Gilreath2 and J. W. Noling3 1Dow AgroSciences, Tampa, FL, jeeger@dowagro.com, 2University of Florida, Bradenton, FL, DrGilreath@aol.com and 3University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, jwn@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu.

(49) EFFECT OF IRRIGATION VOLUME  ON WETTING PATTERNS IN FLORIDA VEGETABLE SOILS
J.W. Noling 1, J. P. Gilreath2 and J. E. Eger Jr.3 1University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, jwn@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu.,  2University of Florida, Bradenton, FL, DrGilreath@aol.com and 3Dow Agrosciences, Tampa, FL, jeeger@dowagro.com.

(50) DRIP FUMIGATION: WATER AND FUMIGANT DISTRIBUTION IN SOIL
Husein Ajwa, Tom Trout, Shad Nelson, and Mary Schutter USDA-ARS, Water Management Research Laboratory, Fresno, CA

(51) EFFECT OF IRRIGATION TIMES ON WETTING PATTERNS IN  MID-ATLANTIC VEGETABLE SOILS
R. M. Huckaba1, J. D. Mueller2, and A. W. Weiss3 1Dow AgroSciences, Ferrum, VA, 2Clemson University, Blackville, SC, 3Dow AgroSciences, Cary, NC

(52) METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNTIVES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
David K. Mueller

(53) Methyl Bromide IS the alternative
Ken Fitzpatrick Managing Director Nordiko Quarantine Systems Pty Ltd

(54) Cooperative Development of a Post Harvest Fumigant –An Example
1J. Michael Hurley*, 2Ed Hosoda, 3Steve Lindsay, and 4Brian Schneider 1DFA of California, 1855 S. Van Ness Avenue, Fresno, CA  93721 2Cardinal Professional Products, 1233 East Beamer St., Suite G1, Woodland, CA 95779 3Diamond Walnut Growers, Inc., 1050 South Diamond Street, Stockton, CA  95201 4Dow AgroSciences, 9330 Zionsville Road, Indianapolis, IN  46033

(55) UPDATE ON ETHYL FORMATE: NEW TOXICITY DATA AND APPLICATION PROCEDURE
E. Jane Wright*, Yong Lin Ren, Victoria Haritos, Katherine Damcevski, and Daphne Mahon CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, GPO Box 1700, ACT 2601 Canberra, Australia. E-mail: E.Jane.Wright@csiro.au

(56) THE EFFECTS OF THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL ON ENTOMOLOGY
David K. Mueller

(57) PROGRESS ON THE PHASE OUT OF METHYL BROMIDE IN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY
Dr Tom Batchelor, Commission Européenne, DG-Environnement -- Climate Change, Batiment BU-9 Bureau 5/136, Avenue de Beaulieu 9, 1160 Bruxelles, BELGIQUE (Tom.BATCHELOR@cec.eu.int)

(58) STATUS OF IR-4 METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVE PROGRAMS FOR MINOR CROPS
Dr. Jack Norton, Manager IR-4 MBA Programs, IR-4 Headquarters

(59) FOODPRO FORCED HOT AIR POST HARVEST ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT TO METHYL BROMIDE
Frank Lawrence* Foodpro International, Inc.

(60) THERMAL TOLERANCE OF NAVEL ORANGEWORM AND INDIANMEAL MOTH
Judy Johnson*1, Shaojin Wang2, and Juming Tang2 1USDA-ARS Horticultural Crop Research Laboratory, Fresno CA 2Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA

(61) Mating Disruption for Control of the Navel Orangeworm in the Orchard
Charles S. Burksa*,  Roland G. Gerberb, and David G. Brandla aUSDA-ARS, San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, Parlier, CA 93648 bParamount Agricultural Technologies, Bakersfield, CA 93308

(62) STATUS OF NEW INSECT PATHOGENS AS METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES
Joel P. Siegel, USDA/ARS, Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, Fresno, California

(63) Mating Disruption for Control of the Indianmeal moth in a Warehouse
Charles S. Burksa*, John R. McLaughlinb, James R. Millerc, and David G. Brandla aUSDA-ARS, San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, Parlier, CA 93648 bIPM Technologies, Inc., Raleigh, NC 27606 cMichigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824

(64) PRECISION FUMIGATIONS IN FOOD PROCESSING PLANTS MANAGING COST EFFICIENCIES
Robert E. Williams*, Dow AgroSciences, Moorpark, CA Suresh Prabhakaran, Dow AgroSciences, Plainfield, IN Damon Shodrock, Dow AgroSciences, Indianapolis, IN

(65) ADVANCED VACUUM FUMIGATION AND ITS APPLICATIONS
Philippe Villers*, President, GrainPro, Inc.

(66) TEMPERATURE PROFILES DURING HEAT TREATMENT OF MILLS, AND EFFICACY AGAINST INSECTS
Rizana M. Mahroof and Bhadriraju Subramanyam*,1 Department of Entomology 123 Waters Hall 1Department of Grain Sciences and Industry, 201 Shellenberger Hall, Kansas State University Manhattan, Kansas 66506, U.S.A. rmahroof@wheat.ksu.edu; bhs@wheat.ksu.edu

(67) KILN DRY TREATMENT FOR NON-MANUFACTURED WOOD PACKAGING IN SOUTH KOREA
Bong Woo Nam, Min Gu Park, Jong Young Heo, Ye-Hee Yi*, Sung Moo Heo, Hyung Ki Kim, Dong Ho Ha, Byung Kee Kim, National Plant Quarantine Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry 433-1 An Yang 6-Dong, Man An-Gu, Anyang, South Korea

(68) LABORATORY AND FIELD TESTS ON VACUUM OR CO2 FOR THE CONTROL OF STORAGE INSECTS
S. Navarro, S. Finkelman, E. Donahaye, R. Dias, Miriam Rindner and A. Azrieli Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O.Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel e-mail: vtshlo@netvision.net.il

(69) Effect of low pressures on the survival of cacao beans insects stored at 18° C
Finkelman Simcha*, Shlomo Navarro, Miriam Rindner, Refael Dias, and Avi Azrieli Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O Box 6, Bet Dagan 50-250, Israel E-mail address: Finkelman_Simcha@hotmail.com

(70) TOXICITY OF PROPYLENE OXIDE IN COMBINATION WITH VACUUM OR CO2 TO T.  castaneum
A. A. Isikber1*, S. Navarro2, S. Finkelman2 and A. Azrieli2 1Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam, 46060 Kahramanmaras, Turkey, e-mail: <isikber@yahoo.com > 2Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O.Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel, e-mail: <vtshlo@netvision.net.il>

(71) DEMONSTRATION OF METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES FOR BAGGED WHEAT IN SYRIA
T J Wontner-Smith, C H Bell, K A Mills, S K Cardwell and B Chakrabarti Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK

(73) USING ECO2FUME PHOSPHINE FUMIGANT, HEAT AND CO2 FOR STRUCTURAL FUMIGATION OF A FOOD PLANT
Jerry W. Heaps*, BCE & RS, The Pillsbury Company, 200 South 6th Street, Box 23B1, Minneapolis, MN 55402, Ernest Ellenwood, The Pillsbury Company and David Mueller, BCE

(74) UPDATE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SULFURYL FLUORIDE AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO METHYL BROMIDE
Hindes, D.1 Welker, J.G.1  Schneider, B.M.1 and Drinkall, D.M.2 1Dow AgroSciences LLC, 9330 Zionsville Road, Indianapolis, IN  46268 2Dow AgroSciences LLC, Latchmore Court, Brand Street, Hitchin, UK

(75) On-going Performance of Vineyard Replant Trials Initiated in 1998-2000
S. Schneider*, H. Ajwa, T. Trout, USDA ARS, Fresno, CA  93727 G. Browne, USDA ARS, Davis, CA  95616 J. Sims, Department of Plant Pathology Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521

(76) FIELD EVALUATION OF NEMATODE CONTROL ALTERNATIVES FOR GRAPEVINE NURSERIES
S. Schneider*, H. Ajwa, T. Trout, USDA ARS, Fresno, CA  93727 J. Sims, Department of Plant Pathology Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521

(77) FUMIGATION AND FALLOWING EFFECTS ON REPLANT PROBLEMS IN CALIFORNIA PEACH
Tom Trout*, Husein Ajwa, and Sally Schneider USDA-ARS, Fresno, CA

(78) ALTERNATIVES TO PRE-PLANT SOIL FUMIGATION IN WESTERN BAREROOT FOREST NURSERIES
R.L. James*, J.K. Stone, D.M. Hildebrand, S.K. Frankel and J.L. Harris First, third, fourth and fifth authors: USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Protection, Coeur d’Alene, ID, Portland, OR, Vallejo, CA and Lakewood, CO, respectively; Second author: Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR

(79) PERFORMANCE OF METAM SODIUM DRENCHED TO SIX DIFFERENT REPLANT SITES
Michael McKenry, Nematology Dept. University of California Riverside

(80) Simulation Model of Red Flour Beetle Population Dynamics & the Reality in Mills
Brian M. Schneider1 and Suresh K. Prabhakaran2 1 Dow AgroSciences LLC, 9330 Zionsville Rd., Indianapolis, IN 46268       2 Dow AgroSciences LLC, 641, Sugar Maple Lane, Mooresville, IN 46158

(81) INDIANMEAL MOTH BEHAVIOR IN WAREHOUSES DURING COMMODITY INFESTATION
Don Silhacek* and Curtis Murphy U.S. Dept. of Agr., ARS, CMAVE

(82) RF treatments as alternatives to chemical fumigation for insect control in nuts
S. Wang1  J. Tang1  J.D. Hansen2  J. Johnson3  E. Mitcham4  S. Drake5  G. Hallman6 1 Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Washington State University, 213 L.J. Smith Hall, Pullman, WA 99164-6120 2 USDA ARS Yakima Agricultural Research Laboratory, 5230 Konnowac Pass Road, Wapato, WA 98951 3 USDA-ARS Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, 2021 South Peach Avenue, Fresno, CA 93727 4 Department of Pomology, University of California, 1045 Wickson Hall, Davis, CA 95616-8683 5 USDA ARS Tree Fruit Quality Laboratory, 1104 North Western Avenue, Wenatchee, WA 98801 6 USDA-ARS Crop Quality and Research Unit, 2413 E. Highway 83, Weslaco, TX 78596

(83) DESIGN OF A HIGH POWER MICROWAVE APPLICATOR FOR THE CONTROL ON INSECTS IN STORED PRODUCT
Steven L. Halverson Micro-Grain, Inc. Timothy S. Bigelow Oak Ridge National Laboratory William R. Halverson* Micro-Grain, Inc.

(84) SODIUM AZIDE FOR CONTROL OF THE ROOT KNOT - FUSARIUM WILT COMPLEX IN COTTON
R. Rodriguez-Kabana, Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849

(85) Evaluation of Possible Alternatives to Methyl Bromide for Management of  Nematodes in Louisiana: Field and Microplot Trials with Cotton, Soybean, Rice and Assorted Vegetables
E.C. MC GAWLEY, C. Overstreet, and M.J. Pontif. Respectively, Research and Extension Nematologists and M.S. Candidate, LSU Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803

(86) NON CHEMICAL ALTERNATIVES FOR SUGAR BEET CYST NEMATODE MANAGEMENT IN IDAHO
Saad L. Hafez and P. Sundararaj University of Idaho 29603 U of I Lane Parma, ID 83660, USA

(87) Drip vs. Shank Application of Chemical Alternatives to Methyl Bromide
J. G. Driver*1, L. M. Ferguson1, F. J. Louws1, G. E. Fernandez2, P. M. Brannen3 and E. B. Poling2.  Plant Pathology1 and Horticulture2, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC and University of Georgia3, Athens, GA.

(88) Evidence for Accelerated degradation of metham-Sodium and dazomet in israel
P. Di Primo1, A. Gamliel1*, M. Austerweil1, I. Peretz-Alon2, M. Beniches1, B. Steiner1 and J. Katan3 1Laboratory for Pest Management Research, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel. 2R&D, Yaham Ma’on Region, Negev 85465, Israel. 3Dept. of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Rehovot 76100, Israel

(89) FIELD STUDIES IN 2001 TO ENHANCE EFFICACY AND ODOR MANAGEMENT OF METAM-SODIUM
David A. Sullivan* Certified Consulting Meteorologist Metam-Sodium Task Force Dr. Husein Ajwa U.S. Department of Agriculture (Agricultural Research Service)

(90) WEED CONTROL EFFICACY OF DRIP IRRIGATION APPLIED CHLOROPICRIN, METAM SODIUM AND 1,3-D
M. Haar*1, S. Fennimore2 and H. Ajwa3 1-2 University of California, Davis, Salinas, CA 93905 3USDA-ARS, Water Management Research Laboratory, Fresno, CA

(91) CHEMICAL CONTROL OF HETERODERA CAROTAE ON CARROT
A.Colombo, E. Buonocore, N. Sasanelli, T. D’Addabbo, S. Privitera, C. Campo, V. Vinci, G. Vinci, P. De Cosmis and F. Lamberti*

(92) APPLICATION OF DAZOMET (BASAMIDR) AS SOIL FUMIGANT: GENERATION, MOVEMENT AND DISSIPATION OF MITC AND PEST CONTROL
A. Gamliel1, Y. Cornfeld1, A. Grinstein1, M. Austerweil1, B. Steiner1 M. Assaraf2*, L. Klein2, J. Katan3  1Institute of Agricultural Engineering, ARO, The Volcani Center Bet Dagan 50250 Israel; 2Dead sea Bromine Group, P.O.B. 180, Beer Sheva 84101, Israel; 3Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100 Israel

(93) THREE YEARS OF RESULTS ON CHEMICAL ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE FOR STRAWBERRY NURSERIES IN SPAIN
P. Melgarejo (1), A. De Cal (1), T. Salto (1), M.L. Martínez-Beringola (1), A. Martínez-Treceño (2), E. Bardón (3), J. Palacios (4), M. Becerril (5), J.J. Medina (6), I. Clavero (7), J. Gálvez (7) and J.M. López-Aranda*(7) (1) SGIT INIA Dpto. Protección Vegetal, 28040 Madrid, Spain (2) Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación, Madrid, Spain (3) Viveros California S.A.T. 47131 Geria (Valladolid), Spain (4) Viveros Rio Eresma S.A. 40280 Navalmanzano (Segovia), Spain (5) CIFA Las Torres-Tomegil, CAP Junta Andalucía, 21800 Moguer (Huelva), Spain (6) DGPA-CAG Junta Castilla-León (Valladolid), Spain (7) CIFA Málaga, CAP Junta Andalucía, 29140 Churriana (Málaga), Spain

(94) THE FIRST YEAR RESULTS OF METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES IN STRAWBERRY, PEPPER AND EGGPLANT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN PART OF TURKEY
S. Yücel 1    İ. H. Elekçioğlu 2 A. Uludağ 1  C. Can 3   U. Gözel2    M. A. Söğüt2    A. Özarslandan1    E. Aksoy 1                       1Ministry of Agriculture, Plant Protection Research Institute, Adana, Turkey 2Çukurova University, Plant Protection Department, Adana, Turkey 3Gaziantep University, Biology Department, Gaziantep, Turkey

(95) PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF CHLOROPICRIN WITH VARIOUS SURFACTANTS
Shad Nelson and Husein Ajwa USDA-ARS, Water Management Research Laboratory, Fresno, CA

(96) ALTERNATIVE FUMIGANTS FOR CONTROL OF SOIL PESTS: STRAWBERRY AS A MODEL SYSTEM
S. Fennimore * 1, F. Martin 2, J. Duniway 3, G. Browne 4, H. Ajwa 5, C. Winterbottom 6, B. Westerdahl 7, R. Goodhue 8, M. Haar 9, C. Bull 10, 1,9University of California-Davis, Salinas, CA 93905 2,10USDA-ARS Vegetable Research Laboratory, Salinas, CA 93905 3,7,8University of California-Davis, Davis, CA 95616 4USDA-ARS, Davis, CA 95616 5USDA-ARS, Water Management Research Laboratory, Fresno, CA 93727 6 California Strawberry Commission, currently, Sunrise Growers, Placentia

(97) BRASSICA BIOFUMIGATION INCREASES MARKETABLE TOMATO YIELD
Stephanie G. Harvey and Carl E. Sams.*  University of Tennessee, Department of Plant Sciences and Landscape Systems, Knoxville, TN 37901

(98) COMBINING METHYL ISOTHIOCYANATE, COMPOSTS, AND BRASSICA AMENDMENTS TO CONTROL SOUTHERN BLIGHT OF TOMATO
M.T. Lyons1, C.E. Sams1*, A.D. Peacock2, and D.C. White2.  1Dept. of Plant Science and Landscape Systems, 2Center for Biomarker Analysis. University of Tennessee, Knoxville TN 37996

(99) MICROBIAL COMMUNITY STRUCTURE AND DIVERSITY IN FUMIGATED SOILS
Lori Orosco1, Husein Ajwa2, Mary Schutter2, and Alice Wright1 1 Department of Biology, California State University Fresno 2 Water Management Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS

(100) Chloropicrin Fumigation Followed by Bacterial Treatment Increases Strawberry Yield
Dr. Cynthia Eayre USDA- ARS

(101) COMPARISON OF APPLICATION TIMING ON THE EFFICACY OF METAM SODIUM AND CHLOROPICRIN AGAINST SOILBORNE FUNGI AND YELLOW NUTSEDGE
Kenneth W. Seebold, Jr.* and Alexander S. Csinos, University of Georgia, Department of Plant Pathology, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton GA, 31793

(102) Determining unknown causes of replant disorder on prunus species in California
Greg Browne1, L.Russell Bulluck III1, Joseph Connell2, Tom Trout3, and Sally Schneider3;  1USDA-ARS, Department of Plant Pathology, UC Davis; 2UCCE, Oroville, CA; 3USDA-ARS, WMRL, Fresno, CA

(103) HYTIBAR FLEX (VIF) FUMIGATION / MULCH FILM REDUCES RATES AND INCREASES EFFICACY
Jim Ralles – Klerk's Plastics

(104) EVALUATIONS OF PEST CONTROL OVER TWO YEARS IN FIELD POTS
Clyde L. Elmore* University of California, Davis, James MacDonald, Linda Bolkan, John Roncoroni, Inga Zasada and Steve Tjosvold

(105) MONITORING OF ATMOSPHERIC FUMIGANTS IN THE HORTICULTURAL AREA OF IBARAKI, JAPAN
Y. Kobara*, S. Ishihara, H. Eun, and Y. Ishii Unit of Environmental Pesticide Assessment, National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, 3-1-3, Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8604, Japan

(107) STUDIES ON METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES OF STRAWBERRIES IN AYDIN PROVINCE
Seher BENLIOGLU *, Kemal BENLIOGLU, Ayhan YILDIZ, Ozhan BOZ, Galip KASKAVALCI Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Dept., 09100 Aydin - Turkey

(109) Alternate Gas Fumigants
Robert Ryan, BOC Australia, PO Box 288, Chatswood, NSW 2057, Australia, Nigel Grant, BOC New Zealand, Penrose, Auckland, New Zealand, Dr Hari Krishna, Crop & Food Research, Palmerston North, New Zealand,Dr Alan Carpenter, Crop & Food Research, Palmerston North, New Zealand

(110) "The EnvirosolÒ Technology" [liquid CO2 as a solvent/propellant of pesticides].
Robert Ryan, BOC Australia, PO Box 288, Chatswood, NSW 2057, Australia, Nigel Grant, BOC New Zealand, Penrose, Auckland, New Zealand, Dr Hari Krishna, Crop & Food Research, Palmerston North, New Zealand, Dr Alan Carpenter, Crop & Food Research, Palmerston North, New Zealand

(111) ATTRACTANTS FOR NAVEL ORANGEWORM TO REDUCE INFESTATIONS AND AFLATOXINS
L.P.S. Kuenen* and H.C. Rowe USDA, ARS, HCRL 2021 S. Peach Ave., Fresno, CA   93727

(112) CARBON DIOXIDE FUMIGATION OF THRIPS (Thrips tabaci Lind.) IN EXPORT ONIONS
B.B. Page, C.W. van Epenhuijsen, H. Krishna and Alan Carpenter   Food Pest Management & Pesticide Technology, NZ Institute for Crop & Food Research Ltd, Private Bag 11600, Batchelar Rd. Palmerston North, New Zealand. e-mail: carpentera@crop.cri.nz

(113) CARBONYL SULFIDE – A POTENTIAL FUMIGANT FOR EXPORT HAY
Gaye L. Weller and Yong Lin Ren Stored Grain Research Laboratory, CSIRO Entomology, GPO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.  Gaye.Weller@csiro.au

(114) CYANOGEN AND CARBONYL SULFIDE AS POTENTIAL QUARANTINE FUMIGANTS FOR TIMBER
J H Viljoen and Yong Lin Ren CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory GPO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601 Australia.  Jan.Viljoen@csiro.au

(115) FATE OF 14C-LABELLED COS ON GRAINS AND GRAIN FRACTIONS
Yong Lin Ren* and Peter Annis CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory GPO Box 1700 ACT 2601 Canberra, Australia.   Yonglin.Ren@csiro.au

(116) COMMERCIAL METHYL BROMIDE RECAPTURE
Gary Knapp GFK Consulting Ltd. San Clemente, CA

(117) FORCED HOT AIR FOR CONTROL OF ARTHROPODS IN HARVESTED CHRYSANTHEMUM CUTTINGS
Tiffanie Simpson*, Veronique Bikoba, and Elizabeth J. Mitcham Department of Pomology, University of California, Davis

(118) EFFECTS OF ACETALDEHYDE ON FRUIT QUALITY AND TARGET PESTS FOR HARVESTED STRAWBERRIES
Tiffanie Simpson*, Veronique Bikoba, Elizabeth J. Mitcham Department of Pomology, University of California, Davis

(119) DEVELOPMENT OF EMISSIONS REDUCING METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VOLATILE ORGANIC HALIDES
Taneaki Yahata*, Yuji Tsuchiya and Masahiko Toba Morikawa Industries Corporation 150 Imojiya Koshoku-city Nagano Prefecture, Japan mail: dect@cd.mbn.or.jp

(120) INSECTICIDES TO CONTROL INSECTS IN MILLS, PROCESSING PLANTS, FOOD WAREHOUSES, AND URBAN STORAGES
Frank H. Arthur*, Courtenay K. Hoernemann, and Jana L. Steele Grain Marketing Production and Research Center USDA-ARS, 1515 College Avenue, Manhattan, KS 66502

(121) MICROWAVE IRRADIATION OF FLOWING GRAIN TO CONTROL STORED-PRODUCT INSECTS
Thomas W. Phillips*1, Steven L. Halverson 4,5, Timothy S. Bigelow6, George N. Mbata, 1,,  Patricia Ryas-Duarte2 Mark Payton3, William Halverson2 and Stanley Forester6 1Dept. of Entomology and Plant Pathology, 2Food and Ag. Products Center, and 3Dept. of Statistics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK  74078 4Micro-Grain, Inc., 4242Wagner Dr., Clinton, WI 53525-9100, 5Desceased 6Oak Ridge National Labs., Microwave Development Group, Oak Ridge, TN, 37831

(122) VACUUM FOR CONTROLLING STORED-PRODUCT INSECTS: EFFECTS OF PRESSURE, TEMPERATURE AND LIFE STAGE
Thomas W. Phillips1, George N. Mbata1,2 and Mark Payton1,3 1Dept. of Entomology and Plant Pathology and 3Dept. of Statistics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK  74078 2Present address: Dept of Biology, Fort Valley State University, Fort Valley, GA 31030

(123) POSTHARVEST QUALITY/PHYTOTOXICITY OF FRESH COMMODITIES SUBJECTED TO MB ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS
Louis H. Aung*, J. F. Jenner, J. G. Leesch, and F. J. Ryan              USDA, ARS, Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory 2021 S. Peach Avenue, Fresno, CA 93727

(126) QUARANTINE SECURITY FOR PINK HIBISCUS MEALYBUG WITH METHYL BROMIDE
J. Larry Zettler*1, Peter A. Follett2, and Richard F. Gill1 1Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, Fresno, California 93727 2Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center, Hilo, Hawaii 96720

(127) SURVIVAL OF THE PINEWOOD NEMATODE IN CCA-TREATED SHORTLEAF PINE LUMBER
L. David Dwinell, USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Athens, GA 30602

(128) MORTALITY AND STERILITY OF THE CIGARETTE BEETLE, LASIODERMA SERRICORNE (F.), DUE TO EXPOSURE TO ATMOSPHERIC PLASMA
Dennis W. Keever (1), Alan K. Dowdy(2), Brian L. Bures(3), Orlando E. Hankins(3) and Mohamed A. Bourham(3) (1) North Carolina State University, Department of Entomology, Oxford, NC 27565             (2) USDA-APHIS Center for Plant Health Science & Technology, Raleigh, NC, 27606 (3)North Carolina State University, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Raleigh, NC 27695

(129) PEA PROTEIN COMBINED WITH PARASITOIDS TO CONTROL STORED-PRODUCT INSECTS
Xingwei Hou1, Paul Fields2*, Paul Flinn3, Joel Perez‑Mendoza3 and Jim Baker3 1. Dept.  of Entomology, University of Manitoba, 2. Cereal Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, pfields@em.agr.ca,  3.  U.S. Grain Marketing Research Lab., USDA-ARS

(130) PENETRATION AND DE-GASSING OF SO2F2 AND CH3Br DURING FUMIGATION AND AERATION OF CHINESE BAMBOO
Alan V. Barak, USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Otis Plant Protection Laboratory

(131) THE POSSIBILITY OF USING CYANOGEN (C2N2) FOR SPACE OR MILL FUMIGATION
Yong Lin Ren CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, GPO Box 1700, ACT 2601 Canberra, Australia. Yonglin.Ren@csiro.au

(132) HEAT TREATMENTS...THE FUTURE OF PEST MANAGEMENT
Mimoun Abaraw Temp-Air Division of Rupp Industries, inc.

(133) 2001 Update on the Methyl Bromide Phase Out
Bill Thomas, EPA, Washington, DC

(134) ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE:  SELECTED CANADIAN CASE STUDIES
Chris Lindberg, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Dale McKeague* Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

(135) POST HARVEST TREATMENT OF GRAIN & STORAGE / MILLING FACILITIES WITHOUT THE USE OF METHYL BROMIDE
R.J. (Ron) GRINHAM

(136) Methyl Bromide Substitutes in Tea Plantations of Sri Lanka
Sushila I. Vitarana*, D.D. Liyanage, U.B. Herath, N. Navaratne, A.K. Prematunge, P. Udumulla, U.P. Jayaratne & P.K. Jayawickrama The Tea Research Institute of Sri Lanka, Talawakelle, Sri Lanka

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