2002 Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions

Conference Proceedings

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Conference Cover Page
Title Page
Program Committee
Conference Objectives
Sponsor's Page
Moderator Instructions
Presenters
Conference Program
Win Zipped Total Proceedings in Word

 (1) Field Scale Demonstration / Validation Studies of Alternatives For Methyl Bromide in Plastic Mulch Culture in Florida
Joseph W. Noling, University of Florida, IFAS, Citrus Research & Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850

(2) REVIEW OF POTENTIAL METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVE (MBA)
Dr. Jack A. Norton, Manager IR-4 MBA Programs, IR-4 Headquarters

(3) ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE PROBLEMS IN FLOWER CROPS
R. McSorley *, and K.-H. Wang. Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0620

(4) Vineyard Replant Disorder –Results after 1, 2, and 4 Growing Seasons
S. Schneider*, T. Trout, USDA ARS, Parlier, CA  93648, G. Browne, USDA ARS, Davis, CA  95616, H. Ajwa, UC Salinas, CA  93905, J. Sims, UC, Riverside, CA 92521

(5) WEED CONTROL IN STRAWBERRY WITH ALTERNATIVE FUMIGANTS
S.A. Fennimore *, H. Ajwa, M.J. Haar, K. Roth and J.A. Valdez, University of California-Davis, Salinas, CA 93905

(6) WEED AND NEMATODE MANAGEMENT: SIMULTANEOUS CONSIDERATIONS
J.W. Noling, University of Florida, IFAS, Citrus Research & Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL and J.P. Gilreath University of Florida, IFAS, Gulf Coast Research & Education Center, Bradenton, FL

(7) STIMULATION OF NUTSEDGE EMERGENCE WITH CHLOROPICRIN
T.N. Motis* and J.P. Gilreath, IFAS, University of Florida, Bradenton, FL 34203

(8) SOIL SOLARIZATION OPTIONS in AYDIN STRAWBERRY WITHOUT METHYL BROMIDE
Seher BENLIOGLU, Ozhan BOZ, Ayhan YILDIZ, Galip KASKAVALCI, Kemal BENLIOGLU, Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Dept., 09100 Aydin – Turkey

(9) CONVENTIONAL AND ORGANIC ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE ON CALIFORNIA STRAWBERRIES
Frank V. Sances.  Pacific Ag Group, San Luis Obispo, California

(10) THE SECOND YEAR RESULTS OF METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN
S. Yücel 1 İ. H. Elekçioğlu 2 A. Uludağ1* C. Can 3 M. A. Söğüt2 A. Özarslandan1 E. Aksoy 1                                                               1Ministry of Agriculture, Plant Protection Research Institute, Adana, Turkey 2Çukurova University, Plant Protection Department, Adana, Turkey 3Gaziantep University, Biology Department, Gaziantep, Turkey

(11) PPRELIMINARY REPORT ON THE METHYL BROMIDE COMPLETE PHASEOUT INVESTMENT PROJECT IN LEBANON
Saad L. Hafez*1, Garo Haroutunian2, Randa Khoury*3, P. Sundararaj1
1 University of Idaho, Parma Research and Extension Center, USA
2 MeBr. Alternatives Project / Ministry of Environment-UNDP, Lebanon
3 Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute / Ministry of Agriculture, Lebanon

(12) SOIL DISINFESTATION IN ITALY:  STATUS  TWO YEARS BEFORE THE PHASE-OUT OF  METHYL BROMIDE
M.L. Gullino, A. Minuto, A. Camponogara, G. Minuto*, A. Garibaldi, Di.Va.P.R.A. -  Patologia vegetale,  Universitŕ di Torino, Grugliasco, Italy

(13) EFFICACY AND PERSISTANCE OF SOME NEMATICIDES ALTERNATIVE TO METHYL BROMIDET
F. Lamberti, T. D’Addabbo, N. Sasanelli, P. Greco and A. Carella Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante, Sezione di Bari, C.N.R., 70126 Bari, Italy, Istituto Scientifico Sperimentale per i Tabacchi, Sezione di Lecce, Mi.P.A.F., Lecce, Italy

(14) STRAWBERRY PRODUCTION WITH ALTERNATIVE FUMIGANTS APPLIED THROUGH DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
H. Ajwa, T. Trout, S. Fennimore, C. Winterbottom, F. Martin, J. Duniway, G. Browne, B. Westerdahl, R. Goodhue, and L. Guerrero University of California-Davis, USDA-ARS, and the California Strawberry Commission

(15) NURSERY AND FRUITING FIELD FUMIGANT EFFECT ON STRAWBERRY
James P. Gilreath *, University of Florida, Barclay Poling,  North Carolina State University, Joseph W. Noling, University of Florida

(16) RESULTS FROM THE 2001-02 USDA IR-4 MBA FIELD TRIALS IN CALIFORNIA STRAWBERRIES
M. Nelson, L. Rodriguez, B. Vander Mey, G. Lepez, Plant Sciences, Inc., Watsonville, CA; M. Bolda, UC Cooperative Extension, Watsonville, CA; and J. Norton*, USDA IR-4 Program, North Brunswick, NJ

(17) DEMONSTRATION STAGE ON MB ALTERNATIVES FOR STRAWBERRY PRODUCTION IN HUELVA (SPAIN)
J.M. López‑Aranda (1)*,  J.J. Medina (2) and L. Miranda (2)
(1)  CIFA Málaga, CAP-Junta de Andalucía,  29140 Churriana (Málaga), Spain CIFA Las Torres-Tomegil, CAP-JA,  21800 Moguer (Huelva), Spain

(18) FIELD VALIDATION OF METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES
John Mirusso, Mirusso Fumigation & Equipment, Delray Beach, FL, Dan Chellemi*, USDA, ARS, Fort Pierce, FL, Jerry Nance, Dow AgroSciences, Winter Haven, FL

(19) EFFICACY OF BROADCAST TELONE C-35 IN TOMATO
James P. Gilreath *, University of Florida, John M. Mirusso, Mirusso Fumigation, Inc., John P. Jones, University of Florida, Erin N. Rosskopf, USDA – ARS, FL, Joseph W. Noling, University of Florida, Phyllis R. Gilreath, University of Florida

(20) SOME CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, AND CULTURAL ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE FOR STRAWBERRY
J. M. Duniwaya*, J. J. Haoa, D. M. Dopkinsa, H. Ajwab, and G. T. Brownec
aDepartment of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, bDept. of Vegetable Crops, U. C. Davis, c/o USDA-ARS, Salinas, CA 93905, cUSDA-ARS, Dept. of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616

(21) Methyl Bromide ALTERNATIVES FOR Tree, VINE, and Rose Field NURSERIES
S. Schneider*, T. Trout, J. Gerik, USDA ARS, Parlier, CA  93648 H. Ajwa, UC, Salinas, CA 93905

(22) TARPED METAM SODIUM FOR NEMATODE AND WEED CONTROL IN NURSERIES
B. B. Westerdahl*1, R. P. Buchner2, R. Loftus3, and T. Loftus3 1Department of Nematology, University of California, Davis, CA, 2UC Cooperative Extension, 1754 Walnut Street, Red Bluff, CA, and 3Shasta Nursery, 21008 Dersch Road, Anderson, CA

(23) Soil Solarization: a component in controlling root rot of red raspberryU
Jack Pinkerton*, USDA-ARS HCRL, Corvallis, OR 97330, and Pete Bristow, Washington State University, Puyallup Research and Extension Center 98371-4998

(24) Management and ETiology of replant disorder on almond and peach
G.T. Browne*1, J.H. Connell2, L.R. Bulluck1, T.J. Trout3, and S.M. Schneider3 1USDA-ARS, Dept. of Plant Pathology, UC Davis; 2University of California Cooperative Extension, Oroville, CA; 3USDA-ARS, WMRL, Parlier, CA

(25) CROP PRODUCTION PRACTICES, SOILBORNE DISEASE AND ROOT COLONIZING FUNGI
D.O. Chellemi* and E. Rosskopf, USDA, ARS, US Horticultural Research Laboratory, Fort Pierce, FL, USA, D.J. Mitchell, and M.E. Kannwischer-Mitchell, University of Florida, Plant Pathology Department, Gainesville, FL, USA, J. Graham, University of Florida, Citrus Research & Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL, USA

(26) Vapam® and K-PamTM, Making The Difference With Precise Application
Charles Duerksen, AMVAC, 30901 Collar Dr. Coarsegold, CA, 93614 USA duerksen@sierratel.com 559 641 7436

(27) METAM SODIUM ON STRAWBERRY: EXAMPLE OF COMMERCIAL REPLACEMENT OF METHYL BROMIDE IN SPAIN AND FRANCE
Jean-Michel Rabasse*, UCB Chemicals- 3 rue Diderot, 92000 Nanterre, France

(28) SOIL DEPTH AND SPECTRUM OF BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY FROM TARPED SURFACE SPRAYS OF METHAM SODIUM
J. D. Radewald*1 and B. B. Westerdahl2 1Department of Nematology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 and 2Department of Nematology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616

(29) UPDATE: RESEARCH OF THE METAM-SODIUM TASK FORCE ON EFFICACY AND ODOR MANAGEMENT
David A. Sullivan, Certified Consulting Meteorologist, Metam-Sodium Task Force

(30) Cover Crops & Compost – Alternatives to Methyl Bromide for Vegetable Production
Q. Wang*, W. Klassen, H. Bryan, A. Abdul-Baki, Y. Li and M. Codallo, Tropical Research and Education Center, Univ. of Florida, Homestead, FL, 33031-3314

(31) SOLARIZATION AND COVER CROPS AS ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE
K.-H. Wang*, R. McSorley, Department of Entomology and Nematology; R. J. McGovern, Plant Pathology Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0620 

(32) PROGRESS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MYCOFUMIGATION FOR CONTROL OF SOIL-BORNE PLANT DISEASES
Nina Zidack*, Eva Grimme, David Ezra, Anna (Merritt) Stinson, Gary Strobel, and Barry Jacobsen.  Department of Plant Science and Plant Pathology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717

(33) control of root-knot nematodes at THE EPCOT Center using in vivo produced Pasteuria penetrans
Thomas E. Hewlett, Entomos Inc., Gainesville, FL; Yong Huang and William Hammer, Epcot Science, Walt Disney World Co., Lake Buena Vista, FL; Andrew Scheurger, Dynamac Corp., Kennedy Space Center, FL; Andrew Ogram and Yongping Duan, University of Florida, FL

(34) Pasteuria species for nematode control: Current developments and future prospects
Kelly S. Smith*, Thomas E. Hewlett, and James H. White, Entomos, Inc., Gainesville, FL

(35) IMPROVING DICHLOROPROPENE AND CHLOROPICRIN MIXTURES BY INCREASING CHOLOROPICRIN RATE
Cebolla V.*1, Valero L.M. 2, Torró F. 2, Miguel A. 1, Monfort P. 3, Llorach S. 3 1IVIA, 2 SURINVER, 3 Coop San Isidro Benicarló

(36) A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOIL pH AND HERBICIDAL ACTIVITY OF SODIUM AZIDE
R. Rodriguez-Kabana*and P. S. King. Alabama Experiment Station, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36840, U.S.A.

(37) MONITORING FUMIGATION EFFICACY IN STRAWBERRY PRODUCTION USING REMOTE SENSING
F.N. Martin, USDA-ARS, 1636 East Alisal St., Salinas, CA  93905

(38) A NEW APPROACH TO FUMIGATING SOILS UNDER RAISED, PLASTIC MULCHED BEDS
Dan Chellemi*, USDA, ARS, Fort Pierce, FL, John Mirusso,  Mirusso Fumigation & Equipment, Delray Beach, FL

(39) CHEMICAL AND NON-CHEMICAL DISINFESTATION OF APPLE MAGGOT FLIES FROM APPLES
Thomas W. Phillips*1, Rajshekhar Hulasare1, Charles Konemann1 and Guy Hallman2 1Dept. of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078; 2USDA ARS Crop Quality and Fruit Insects Research Unit, 2413 E. Highway 83, Weslaco, TX 78596

(40) Effects of vacuum and controlled atmospheres on insects
Yong-Biao Liu, USDA, ARS, 1636 E. Alisal St., Salinas, CA 93905

(41) THE SUCCESSFUL USE OF A METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT
B. B. Brodie*, D. J. Kepich and C. H. Cliff, USDA, ARS, Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, and USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Avoca, NY 14809

(42)Security measures on methyl bromide for the quarantine and pre-shipment treatment exemption
Akio Tateya, Japan Fumigation Technology Association

(43) The ProFume Fumiguide – A Precision Fumigation Tool
Brian Schneider*, Damon Shodrock, and Lisa Keeler, Dow AgroSciences, Indianapolis IN,  46268, Karl Schlatter – Project Architect, Geneer - Software Development Partners

(44) ProFume Gas Fumigant…The Technical Foundation for Precision Fumigation
Christopher Voglewede, Technology Transfer Leader, Brian Schneider – Biology Research and Development and Bruce Houtman – Regulatory Affairs, Dow AgroSciences, 9330 Zionsville Road, Indianapolis, IN 46033, USA

(45) BEST PRACTICES--MONITORING FOR PRECISION FUMIGATION
Damon L. Shodrock* and Robert E. Williams Dow AgroSciences LLC, Moorpark, CA and Indianapolis, IN (USA)

(46) OPTIMIZING FUMIGATION EFFICIENCY WITH PROFUME GAS 
Robert E. Williams, Dow AgroSciences LLC, Moorpark, CA (USA)

(47) Development of ProFume* (sulfuryl fluoride) for use in flour mills in Europe
M.J.Drinkall, Dow AgroSciences, Latchmore Court, Brand Street, Hitchin, SG5 1NH, UK

(48) CYANOGEN: A NEW FUMIGANT WITH POTENTIAL FOR TIMBER
E.J. Wright*, Y.L. Ren and H. Dowsett, CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, GPO Box 1700, ACT 2601 Canberra, Australia. E-mail: e.jane.wright@csiro.au 

(49) FUMIGATING AND HEAT-TREATING IN SERVICE HARDWOOD PALLETS
L. David Dwinell, USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Athens, GA 30605

(50) FIELD TRIAL OF CARBONYL SULFIDE FUMIGATION OF HAY IN 40FT SHIPPING CONTAINERS
Gaye L. Weller and Jan E. van S. Graver* CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, GPO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601, AUSTRALIA gaye.weller@csiro.au, jan.vangraver@csiro.au 

(51) USE OF BIOREACTORS TO REMOVE METHYL BROMIDE FOLLOWING CONTAINED FUMIGATIONS
Laurence G. Miller*, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA, Shaun M. Baesman, Ronald S. Oremland

(52) MODIFIED ATMOSPHERES AT RAISED TEMPERATURES FOR TREATMENT OF DURABLE COMMODITIES
C H Bell and S T Conyers, Central Science Laboratory,  Sand Hutton, York  YO4  1LZ, UK

(53) RESPONSE OF CODLING MOTH AND NAVEL ORANGEWORM
Judy A. Johnson* and Karen A. Valero, USDA-ARS, Parlier, CA

(54) SORPTION AND INSECT TOXICITY OF PROPYLENE OXIDE IN DRIED FRUITS AND NUTS
J.L. Zettler1*, P.L. Hartsell2, J.S. Muhareb2, R.F. Gill1, J.M. Hurley2, and D.B. Allred2 1USDA, ARS, Parlier, CA  93648 2California Dried Fruit Association, Fresno, CA  93707

(55) FIELD TRIALS ON ETHYL FORMATE FOR ON-FARM STORAGE FUMIGATION
Wright*, E.J., Y.L. Ren and D. Mahon, CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, GPO Box 1700, ACT 2601 Canberra, Australia. E-mail: e.jane.wright@csiro.au

(56) SOME ALTERNATIVES TO PESTICIDES FOR MANAGING MOTHS THAT INFEST CEREAL PRODUCTS
Don Silhacek* and Curtis Murphy, U.S. Dept. of Agr., ARS, CMAVE

(57) USE OF PLANT EXTRACT-BASED BIOPESTICIDES AS A SAFE ALTERNATIVE TO MEBR
Sadik Tuzun*, Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn, AL; Oktay Yegen, Department of Plant Protection, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey,   Elizabeth Bent, Southern Crop Protection and Food Research Center, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, London, ON, CA

(58) FUMIGATION AND FALLOWING EFFECTS ON REPLANT PROBLEMS IN CALIFORNIA PEACH
Tom Trout*, Husein Ajwa, Sally Schneider, and Jim Gartung, USDA-ARS, Fresno, CA

(59) PREPLANT PEST MANAGEMENT IN RANUNCULUS PRODUCTION
C. Elmore*, J.Roncoroni, K. Robb, C. Wilen and H. Ajwa, University of California, Davis, San Diego and Monterey

(60) NEMATOXICITY OF  PROPYLENE OXIDE AND ALLYL ISOTHIOCYANATE
R. Rodriguez-Kabana*. Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849, U.S.A.

(61) PROPOZONE* The IDEAL MB REPLACEMENT            (ABERCO 100% Propylene Oxide)
Morris Warren & Tom Griffith

(62) BIONEM – AN EFFECTIVE BIOLOGICAL PESTICIDE FOR THE CONTROL OF ROOT KNOT NEMATODES
M. Keren-Zur*, J. Antonov, A. Bercovitz, K. Feldman, A. Husid, M. Lazare, N. Marcov, M. Rebhun, Minrav Infrastructures - The Biological Division, Jerusalem 91291, Israel      

(63) DEVELOPMENT OF CYANOGEN FOR SOIL FUMIGATION
Y.L. Ren*, M. Sarwar and E.J. Wright, CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, GPO Box 1700, ACT 2601 Canberra, Australia. E-mail: Yonglin.Ren@csiro.au

(64) SEP-100R A NEW FORMULATION OF NaN3 FOR CONTROL OF NUTSEDGES AND OTHER WEEDS
R. Rodriguez-Kabana* and D. G. Robertson. College of Agriculture, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849, U.S.A.

(65) MOVEMENT OF DRIP-APPLIED 1, 3-DICHLOROPROPENE BEYOND THE WATERFRONT
J. E. Eger, Jr.* J. Desaeger, J. P. Gilreath, A. Csinos, J. E. Laska, and F. J. Wessels, Dow AgroSciences, 2606 S. Dundee St., Tampa, FL  33629

(66) EVALUATING MOVEMENT OF 1, 3-DICHLOROPROPENE THROUGH PLASTIC FILMS
J. E. Eger, Jr.* and F. J. Wessels, Dow AgroSciences, 2606 S. Dundee St., Tampa, FL  33629

(67) DYE TO PREDICT PESTICIDE MOVEMENT IN SOIL BEDS  Chart
A.S. Csinos, Plant Pathologist, University of Georgia, Tifton, GA

(68) Impact of physical and biological factors on efficacy of hydroprene
Frank H. Arthur, Grain Marketing Production and Research Center, USDA-ARS, 1515 College Avenue, Manhattan, KS 66502

(69) SORPTION OF CARBONYL SULFIDE BY STORED PRODUCTS
Gaye L. Weller and Yong Lin Ren, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, CSIRO Entomology, GPO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT  2601, AUSTRALIA Gaye.Weller@csiro.au

(70) THE NEED TO USE PURIFIED CARBONYL SULFIDE (COS) TO PREVENT CORROSION OF COPPER
Ren1*, Y. L. and Plarre2, R. 1.     CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, Canberra, Australia 2.     Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Berlin, Germany

(71) THE MORTALITY OF INDIANMEAL MOTH AND CONFUSED FLOUR BEETLE AFTER EXPOSURE TO  OZONE
James G. Leesch and Jane C. Tebbets, USDA-Agricultural Research Service, San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, 9611 So. Riverbend Avenue, Parlier, CA 93648

(72) HIGH TEMPERATURE FORCED AIR/CONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE TREATMENT FOR STONE FRUIT
1David Obenland* and 2Lisa Neven 1USDA-ARS, San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, Parlier, CA 2USDA-ARS, Yakima Agricultural Research Laboratory, Wapato, WA

(73) DEVELOPMENT OF MB ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR POSTHARVEST FRESH COMMODITIES
Louis H. Aung*,  J. F. Jenner,  J. G. Leesch,  F. R. Ryan,  D. M. Obenland and L.  Zettler, USDA, ARS   9611 S. Riverbend Avenue,  Parlier, CA  93648

(74) Fumigation of SWPM as a Quarantine Treatment for Anoplophora glabripennis
Alan. V. Barak, (USDA, APHIS, Building 1398, Otis ANGB, MA 02542) Wang Yuejin, Zhan Guoping, Wang Xin, Xu Liang (Animal and Plant Quarantine Institute,  Beijing, PRC) Huang Qing Lin, (Tianjin CIQ) Zhu Yunzhi and Wu Ying (Gansu CIQ)

(75) Ecogen technique, used for the extermination of insects in food supplies AND ships
F. Bergwerff, N. Vroom and J. Suurd, Ecogen BV, P.O. Box 7488, 3280 AG Numansdorp, The Netherlands

(76) MIDASTM (TM-425), 2002 DEVELOPMENT AND REGULATORY UPDATE
M. A. ALLAN, Arvesta Corporation, 100 First Street, Suite 1700, San Francisco, California, USA 94105, e-mail mallan@arvesta.com

(77) Propozone ABERCO Propylene Oxide Soil Fumigant 
Morris Warren & Tom Griffith

(78) INLINE FOR SOIL PEST CONTROL IN CENTRAL AMERICA AND MEXICO MELON FIELDS
Luis Enrique Gomez*1, Leonardo Paniagua2, Leonel Aviles3, Carlos Enrique Rojas4, and Adrian Chemello3 1Dow AgroSciences Guatemala, 2Dow AgroSciences Costa Rica, 3Dow AgroSciences Mexico, 4Dow AgroSciences Argentina

(79) DESCRIPTION OF BROMOSTOP® VIRTUALLY IMPERMEABLE FILM
Riccardo Rimini, Bruno Rimini Ltd – London UK

(80) TARGET APPLICATIONS OF VAPAM®/K-PAM® TO KEY PEST FOR BEST RESULTS
Paul D. Vaculin*, Chuck Duerksen, and Mike Thornton, Amvac Chemical Corporation, Newport Beach, California

(81) IMPACT OF SOIL AND SEALING VARIABLES ON THE SOIL DISTRIBUTION PROFILE OF TELONE E.C.
PARIS TSAKONAS, THE SSALONIKI FIELD RESEARCH STATION, DowAgroSciences  Export SAS

(82) EMISSION LOSSES OF CHLOROPICRIN AND 1,3-DICHLOROPROPENE FROM SOIL FUMIGATION
Y. Kobara*, S. Endo, S. Ishihara, T. Horio, and K. Ohtsu, Unit of Environmental Pesticide Assessment, National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences (NIAES), 3-1-3, Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8604, Japan

(83) PHYTOTOXICITY OF DRIP-APPLIED 1,3-DICHLOROPROPENE ON VEGETABLES
J. Desaeger1, A. Csinos1, J. Laska1 and J. Eger2 1 Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Dept. of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Tifton, GA, 31793 2 Dow AgroSciences, Indianapolis, IN, 46268

(84) EFFECT OF APPLICATION TIMING ON THE EFFICACY OF DRIP-APPLIED SOIL FUMIGANTS
Kenneth W. Seebold, Jr.*, Johan Desaeger, and Alexander Csinos, Department of Plant Pathology, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton GA, 31793

(85) Evaluation of PCC1210 for control of Phytophthora capsici on pepper
E.N. Rosskopf1, C.B. Yandoc1, and E.M. Lamb2, USDA, ARS, USHRL, Fort Pierce, FL IRREC, University of Florida, Fort Pierce, FL 34945

(86) Effects of Transplant Type and Soil Treatment on Strawberry Rhizosphere Fungi
Chart 
Nancy Kokalis-Burelle* and Pamela D. Adams, USDA, ARS, U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory, Fort Pierce, Florida 34945

(87) ALTERNATIVE FUMIGANTS FOR CONTROL OF SOIL PESTS: STRAWBERRY AS A MODEL SYSTEM
Fennimore, S.1*, F. Martin 2, H. Ajwa 3, J. Duniway 4, G. Browne 5, C. Winterbottom 6, B. Westerdahl 7, R. Goodhue 8, L. Guerrero 9, M. Haar 10. 1,3,10 University of California-Davis, Salinas, CA 93905,  2 USDA-ARS Vegetable Research Laboratory, Salinas, CA 93905, 4,7,8 University of California-Davis, Davis, CA 95616, 5 USDA-ARS, Davis, CA 95616, 6 Sunrise Growers, Watsonville, CA 95076, 9 California Strawberry Commission, Watsonville, CA 95077

(88) DIFFERENCES IN GENE EXPRESSION BETWEEN PATHOGENIC AND BIOCONTROL FUSARIUM
D. R. Fravel*, B. A. Bailey, and J. Bao, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD

(89) BIOFUMIGATION AND MANAGEMENT OF RING NEMATODE ON PEACH
A. P. Nyczepir*1 and R. Rodriguez-Kabana2 1USDA-ARS, Southeastern Fruit & Tree Nut Research Laboratory, 21 Dunbar Rd., Byron, GA  31008 and 2Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849

(90) FIELD EVALUATION OF NON-FUMIGANT MEASURES FOR THE CONTROL OF APPLE REPLANT DISEASE
Mark Mazzola1*, David M. Granatstein2, Don C. Elfving2 and M. Kent Mullinix3 1USDA-ARS Tree Fruit Research Lab, Wenatchee, WA; 2Washington State University, TFREC, Wenatchee, WA; 3 Washington State University Agriculture Education Center, Wenatchee Valley College, Wenatchee, WA


(91) EFFECTS of Soil Solarization and fumigation on Indigenous Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi
R. Paul Schreiner*, Kelly L. Ivors and John N. Pinkerton.  USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, 3420 NW Orchard Ave., Corvallis, OR, 97330, USA

(92) Alternatives to Methyl Bromide in Cut Flower Production in California
John Roncoroni and Clyde Elmore

(93) ALTERNATIVE SOIL TREATMENTS FOR FIELD GROWN ORNAMENTALS
J. S. Gerik*, S. S. Vail, USDA ARS, Parlier, CA 93648
C. L. Elmore, Department of
Vegetable Crops, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616
I. D. Greene, Golden State Bulb Growers, Moss Landing, CA 95039


(94) FUMIGANT USE IN CALIFORNIA
Tom Trout, USDA-ARS, Fresno, CA

(95) EFFICACY OF VAPAM AND KPAM FUMIGATION FOR FLORIDA TOMATOES
R. T. McMillan, Jr., H. H. Bryan* University of Florida, TREC, 18905 SW 280TH Street, Homestead FL 33031

(96) Nordiko establishing worlds best practice in fumigation
Ken Fitzpatrick & Ken Brash

(97) PROPYLENE OXIDE: A FUMIGANT FOR QUARANTINE PURPOSES AS A POTENTIAL ALTERNATIVE TO METHYL BROMIDE
A. A. Isikber1, S. Navarro2, S. Finkelman2, A. Azrieli2, M. Rindner2 and R. Dias2 1Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam, 46060 Kahramanmaras, Turkey, e-mail: <isikber@yahoo.com > 2Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel, e-mail: <snavarro@agri.gov.il

(98) COMPARATIVE QUARANTINE TREATMENTS OF NARCISSUS FLIES USING VACUUM, HERMETIC or CO2
Miriam Rindner*1, S. Finkelman1, S. Navarro1, R. Dias1, A. Azrieli1 and A. Isikber2 1Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O.Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel 2Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam, 46060 Kahramanmaras, Turkey e-mail: <mrindner@volcani.agri.gov.il>

(99) CONTROL OF MEDITERRANEAN FRUIT FLY USING VACUUM OR CO2
S. Navarro*1, S. Finkelman1, Miriam Rindner1, R. Dias1, A. Azrieli1, Y. Gazit2 and R. Akiva2 1Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P. O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel 2The Israel Cohen Institute for Biological Control, Citrus Marketing Board of Israel, P. O. Box 80, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel e-mail:  <snavarro@agri.gov.il>

(100) QUARANTINE APPLICATION OF THE NEW V-HF SYSTEM TO CONTROL THE LARGE NARCISSUS FLY
Simcha Finkelman*, Shlomo Navarro, Miriam Rindner, Rafael Dias, and Avi Azrieli, Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel, e-mail: <simchaf@volcani.agri.gov.il>

(101) Methyl Bromide Alternatives in Tomato Production Systems in North Carolina
Frank J. Louws*1, Lisa M. Ferguson 1, Nathan P. Lynch2, and Paul B. Shoemaker2 1. Department of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh NC 27695, 2. Mountain Horticultural Crops Research Station, Fletcher, NC.

(102) FumigantS and Varieties to Manage Southern Bacterial Wilt of Tomato
Jim Driver* and Frank Louws, Plant Pathology Dept. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695

(103) Chemical and Biological Alternatives to Methyl Bromide for Strawberry in the Southeastern US
L. M. Ferguson1, F. J. Louws1*, G. E. Fernandez2, P. M. Brannen4, E. B. Poling2, O. B. Sydorovych3, C. D. Safley3, D. W. Monks2, Z. Pesic-Van Esbroeck1, D. C. Sanders2, and J. P. Smith5.  Departments of Plant Pathology1, Horticulture2 and Agricultural and Resource Economics3 at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, Plant Pathology4 at University of Georgia, Athens, GA, and Clemson Extension Service5, Lexington, SC

(104) CHLORINE DIOXIDE TREATMENT ON SURVIVAL OF SOILBORNE PESTS AND STRAWBERRY GROWTH
Lee-Shin Tsai*, Western Regional Research Center, ARS, USDA, Albany, CA, Wen-Xian Du, Independent Consultant, El Cerrito, CA, Greg T. Browne, ARS-USDA, University of California, Davis, CA, Becky B. Westerdahl, University of California, Davis, CA

 

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