2003 Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions

Conference Proceedings

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Plenary 1.  Methyl Bromide in the Atmosphere - An Update 
Jim Butler-NOAA, Bolder, Colorado

Plenary 1.  Methyl Bromide Regulatory Status
Paul Helliker-CalEPA/DPR, Sacramento, California

Plenary 1.  Regulatory Status of Soil Fumigants
Jim Jones-EPA/OPP, Washington, DC

Plenary 2.  Methyl Bromide Critical Use Exemption: The Review Process
Christine Augustyniack-EPA/OPP, Washington, DC

Plenary 2.  MBTOC Post Harvest Review 2003
Michelle Marcotte-Marcotte Consulting, College Park, Maryland

Plenary 2.  MBTOC Preplant Review 2003 
Sally Schneider-USDA/ARS, Parlier, California

Plenary 2.  What Happens Next
Burleson Smith-USDA, Washington, DC

Plenary 2.  "Long and Winding Road", The Critical Use Exemption
Ed Ruckert-McDermott, Will & Emery, Washington, DC

Plenary 3.  The Critical Use Exemption: Allocation Framework Rule Update
Hodayah Finnman-EPA, Washington, DC

Plenary 3.  Critical Use Exemptions: A Manufacture's View
David McAllister-Great Lakes Chemical Corporation, West Lafayette, Indiana

Plenary 3.  Methyl Bromide Critical Use Exemption Allocation: Preplant Prespective
Dan Botts-Florida Fruit and Vegetable Association, Orlando, Florida

Plenary 4.  Analyzing Economic Feasibility for Methyl Bromide Critical Use Exemptions
Dave Widasky-EPA, Washington, DC

Plenary 4.  MBTOC Issues (Soils Committee)
Ian Porter-MBTOC CO-Chair, Knoxfield, Australia

 (1) RESPONSE OF NUTSEDGE TO CONCENTRATION OF METAM POTASSIUM AND DELIVERY WATER VOLUME
James P. Gilreath*, Bielinski M. Santos and  Joseph W. Noling
University of Florida

(2)
CHLOROPICRIN AND INLINE DOSE-RESPONSE UNDER VIF AND HDPE FILM: WEED CONTROL RESULTS
S. Fennimore*1, Z. Kabir1, H. Ajwa1, O. Daugovish2, K. Roth1 and  J. Valdez1, 1University of California, Davis, Salinas, CA 93905
2University of California, Ventura, CA 93003

(3) Strawberry Yield under Reduced Application Rates of Chloropicrin and Inline in Combination with Metam Sodium and VIF
H.A. Ajwa*1, S. Fennimore1, Z. Kabir1, F. Martin2, J. Duniway3, G. Browne4, T. Trout5, R. Goodhue3, and L. Guerrero6 1University of California-Davis, Salinas, CA; 2USDA-ARS, Salinas, CA; 3University of California-Davis, CA; 4USDA-ARS, Davis CA; 5USDA-ARS, Parlier, CA; 6California Strawberry Commission, Watsonville, CA

(4)
Innovative plastic films enhance solarization efficacy and pest control
A. Arbel1,1, M. Siti1, Barak1, J. Katan2, and *A. Gamliel1, 1Institute of Agricultural Engineering ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250 Israel. 2Dept. of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Rehovot 76100, Israel.

(5) RETENTION OF 1,3-DICHLOROPROPENE AND NUTSEDGE CONTROL WITH VIRTUALLY IMPERMEABLE FILM
James P. Gilreath*, Timothy N. Motis, Bielinski M. Santos and Joseph W. Noling,
University of Florida

(6) EXPLORING BIOFUMIGATIONAL POTENTIAL OF MUSTARDS and Charts
Oleg Daugovish*, (University of California Cooperative Extension -Ventura County), James Downer and Ole Becker (University of California Cooperative Extension -Ventura County and University of California-Riverside)

(7) Methyl Bromide ALTERNATIVES FOR Perennial Field NURSERIES – 1st and 2nd YEAR PERFORMANCE
S. Schneider*, T. Trout, J. Gerik, D. Ramming, USDA ARS, Parlier, CA  93648
H. Ajwa, UC, Salinas, CA 93905

(8) Evaluation of Pre- and Post-plant Treatments for Replanted Peach Orchards
Roger A. Duncan*1, Michael McKenry2, Kate Scow3,
1University of California Cooperative Extension, 3800 Cornucopia Way #A, Modesto, CA 95358; 2Department of Nematology, UC Riverside; 3Department of Land, Air, and Water Quality, UC Davis

(9) NON-FUMIGANT MEASURES AND ASSESSMENT OF HOST TOLERANCE FOR REPLANT DISEASE CONTROL
Mark Mazzola, USDA-ARS Tree Fruit Research Lab, Wenatchee, WA

(10) Vineyard Replant Field Trials
S. Schneider*, T. Trout, USDA ARS, Parlier, CA  93648 G. Browne, USDA ARS, Davis, CA  95616,
H. Ajwa, UC Salinas, CA  93905, J. Sims, UC, Riverside, CA 92521

(11) Evaluation of rootstocks and fumigants for control of almond replant disease
G. Browne*1, J. Connell2, H. Becherer1, S. McLaughlin1, S. Schneider3, R. Lee1, and E. Hosoda4
1USDA-ARS, Dept. of Plant Pathology, Univ. of Calif., Davis; 2UCCE, Oroville, CA; 3USDA-ARS WMRL, Parlier, CA; and 4Cardinal Professional Products, Woodland, CA

(12) TOMATO GRAFTING AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO METHYL BROMIDE IN MOROCCO
Mohamed Besri
Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Morocco

(13) A project to phase out MB methyl bromide in Romania: preliminary results
Andrea Minuto1, Marian Bogoescu2, Alessandro Amadio3, Corrado Clini4, and Maria Lodovica Gullno1
1 Centre of Competence for the Innovation in the agro-environmental sector (AGROINNOVA) - University of Turin, Via L. Da Vinci n° 44 - 10095 Grugliasco (To) - Italy - marialodovica.gullino@unito.it. 2 Horting Institutul  de  Cercetare     Dezvoltare, Bucharest - Romania - horting@xnet.ro. 3 UNIDO – United Nations Industrial Development Organization - Montreal Protocol Branch - Vienna International Center - P.O. Box 300, A-1400 Vienna – Austria  - a.amadio@unido.org. 4 Ministry of Environment and of Protection of territory (Italy)

(14) CONSTRAINTS AND REMEDIES IN THE ADOPTION OF NON-CHEMICAL METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES FOR VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN LEBANON
Saad L. Hafez*1, Garo Haroutunian2, P. Sundararaj1 1 University of Idaho, Parma Research and Extension Center, USA 2 UNDP-MeBr. Alternatives Project / Ministry of Environment, Lebanon

(15) CHEMICAL ALTERNATIVES TO MB FOR STRAWBERRY NURSERIES IN SPAIN. 2002 RESULTS
P. Melgarejo (1), A. Martínez-Treceño (2), A. de Cal (1), T. Salto (1), M.L. Martínez-Beringola (1), J.M. García-Baudín (2), I. Santín (2), E. Bardón (3), J. Palacios (4), M. Becerril (5), J.J. Medina (6) and J.M. López-Aranda (6)* (1) Departamento Protección Vegetal, INIA, Madrid, Spain (2) OEVV. Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación, Madrid, Spain (3) Viveros California SL. Geria, Valladolid, Spain (4) Viveros Rio Eresma SA. Navalmanzano, Segovia, Spain (5) DGPA-CAG. Junta Castilla-León, Valladolid, Spain (6) IFAP. CIFAs Las Torres/Churriana-Málaga, CAP-Junta de Andalucía, Spain

(16) Accelerated degradation of metam sodium in the field and its management
A. Gamliel1*, S. Triki1, M. Austerweil1 P. Di Primo1, I. Peretz-Alon2, O. Heiman3, M. Beniches1, B. Steiner1 and J. Katan4 1Laboratory for Pest Management Research, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel. 2R&D, Yaham Ma’on Region, Negev 85465, Israel. 3Dor Chemicals, Ltd. Heifa. 4Dept. of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Rehovot 76100, Israel.

(17) SAND, CALCIUM AND HIGH SOIL pH – A HIGH RISK COMBINATION FOR ENHANCED BIODEGRADATION
John N Matthiessen and Ben Warton CSIRO Entomology, Private Bag 5 PO, Wembley WA 6913, Australia

(18) Evaluation of Shank Injection / Incorporation of Metam-Sodium
Dr. John Radewald and David Sullivan

(19) Fumigant Emissions Modeling System (FEMS)
David Sullivan, Mark Holdsworth, and Dennis Hlinka

(20) EFFECT OF BED WIDTH ON DRIP APPLIED K-PAM® FOR PURPLE NUTSEDGE CONTROL
Paul D. Vaculin*, AMVAC Chemical Corporation; Robert C. Hochmuth, University of Florida, North Florida Research and Education Center; Eric H. Simmone, University of Florida, Horticultural Sciences Department

(21) SODIUM AZIDE [SEP-100] FOR CONTROL OF NUTSEDGE, ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE , AND FUSARIUM CROWN ROT IN TOMATO PRODUCTION
R. Rodriguez-Kabana, J. R. Akridge, and J. E. Burkett Auburn University and Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station
Auburn, Alabama 36830, U.S.A.

(22) Comparison of methyl iodide formulations with methyl bromide, and an untreated control on the management of root-knot nematodes, weeds and yield of tomato in Florida
Don W. Dickson,* Maria Mendes, and Jon Hamill.  Professor, Biological Scientist, and Graduate Student, respectively.  Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0620

(23) DMDS: a new alternative for soil disinfestation
P. CHARLES – Atofina Research Unit - G.R.L. Lacq 64170 France

(24) MIDASTM SOIL FUMIGANT, REGISTRATION AND DEVELOPMENT UPDATE
M.A.Allan, Arvesta Corporation (Formerly Tomen Agro, Inc.) San Francisco, California, USA 94105

(25) FIRST Results from Ethanedinitrile (C2N2) Field trials in Australia
Y.L. Ren1, C.J. Waterford1, J. N. Matthiessen2, S. Mattner3 R. Gregorio4, and M. Sarwar1 1.     CSIRO Entomology, GPO Box 1700, ACT 2601, Australia 2.     CSIRO Entomology, Private Bag 5 Wembley, WA 6913, Australia 3.     Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Institute for Horticultural Development, Private bag 15, Scoresby Business Centre, VIC 3176, Australia 4.     K&B Adams, GPO Box 290, Bayswater, VIC 3136, Australia

(26) HOT WATER TREATMENT AS A PROMISING ALTERNATIVE TO METHYL BROMIDE
Nobuhiro Kita*, Kanagawa Institute of Agricultural Science, Hiratsuka, Japan, Kazuhumi Nishi, National Institute of Vegetable and Tea Science, Ano, Japan, Seiji Uematsu, Chiba Prefectural Agriculture Research Center, Tateyama, Japan

(27) ECONOMIC BENEFIT OF GREENHOUSE PRODUCTION OF PEPPERS IN SOILLESS CULTURE
Elio Jovicich1, Daniel J. Cantliffe1, Nicole Shaw1, Margaret Smither-Kopperl1*, and Philip A. Stansly2. University of Florida, IFAS, 1Protected Agriculture Project, Gainesville, FL 32611. 2SWFREC, Immokalee, FL 34142

(28) Conventional and organic alternatives to methyl bromide on California strawberries and other high-cash crops
Frank V. Sances Ph.D. Pacific Ag Group, San Luis Obispo, California

(29) PROPYLENE OXIDE THE ALL PURPOSE FUMIGANT
Morris Warren* ABERCO Inc

(30) DEVELOPMENT OF MYCOFUMIGATION FOR CONTROL OF SOIL-BORNE PLANT PATHOGENS
Nina Zidack*, Eva Grimme, David Ezra, Gary Strobel, and Barry Jacobsen.  Department of Plant Science and Plant Pathology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717

(31) COMMERCIAL ADOPTION OF ALTERNATIVES TO MB IN FLORICULTURE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Marta PIZANO Consultant and MBTOC Member Bogotá, COLOMBIA

(32) NEW DEMONSTRATIONS OF ALTERNATIVES TO MB FOR STRAWBERRY IN SPAIN. 2003 RESULTS
L. Miranda (1), J.J. Medina (1), F. Romero (1), B. De Los Santos (1), F. Montes (2), J.M. Vega (2), J.I. Páez (2), J. Bascón (2) and J.M. López‑Aranda (3)* (1) IFAP. CIFA Las Torres, CAP-JA, Alcalá del Rio and Moguer, Spain (2) Laboratorio Sanidad Vegetal, CAP-JA, Seville and Huelva, Spain (3) IFAP. CIFA Málaga, CAP-Junta de Andalucía, Churriana (Málaga), Spain 

(33) ALTERNATIVES TO MB FOR STRAWBERRY PRODUCTION IN HUELVA (SPAIN). 2003 RESULTS
J.M. López‑Aranda (1)*, L. Miranda (2), F. Romero (2), B. De Los Santos (2), F. Montes (3), J.M. Vega (3), J.I. Páez (3), J. Bascón (3) and J.J. Medina (2) (1) IFAP. CIFA Málaga, CAP-Junta de Andalucía, Churriana, Spain (2) IFAP. CIFA Las Torres, CAP-JA, Alcalá del Rio and Moguer, Spain
(3) Laboratorios Sanidad Vegetal, CAP-JA, Seville and Huelva, Spain

(34) Chemical alternatives to methyl bromide in Italy: an update
Andrea Minuto*, Angelo Garibaldi and Maria Lodovica Gullino Centre of Competence for the Innovation in the agro-environmental sector (AGRINNOVA) - University of Turin, Via L. Da Vinci 44 10095 Grugliasco (To) - Italy

(35) PREPLANT PEST MANAGEMENT IN RANUNCULUS PRODUCTION
C. Elmore*, J.Roncoroni, K. Robb, C. Wilen and H. Ajwa
University of California, Davis, San Diego and Monterey

(36) NEW CHISEL SHANKS ENABLE IMPROVED FUMIGATION OF FINER-TEXTURED SOILS
Michael McKenry*, Doug Buessing, and Kreig Williams UC Riverside and TriCal Inc., respectively

(37) Water and Methyl Isothiocyanate Distribution in Soil after Drip Fumigation with Metam Sodium
H.A. Ajwa*1, S.D. Nelson2, and T. Trout3 1University of California-Davis, Salinas; 2Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX; 3USDA-ARS, WMRL, Parlier, CA

(38) INFLUENCE OF SOIL COMPACTION LAYERS ON DOWNWARD DIFFUSION OF FUMIGANTS IN SOIL
J.W. Noling*1, J.P. Gilreath2 , and J. Nance3 1,2 University of Florida, IFAS, 1 Citrus Research & Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 2 Gulf Coast Research & Education Center, Bradenton, FL
3 Dow AgroSciences LLC, Indianopolis, IN

(39) TOMATO PRODUCTION AS AFFECTED BY BED WIDTH AND FUMIGANT
S. J. Locascio*, M. R. Alligood,  and D. W. Dickson, Horticultural Sciences and Entomology and Nematology Departments, University of Florida,
Gainesville, FL 32611-0690

(40) LONG TERM CONTROL OF SOILBORNE PESTS IN TOMATO WITH 1,3-DICHLOROPROPENE + CHLOROPICRIN
James P. Gilreath*,  Joseph W. Noling,  John P. Jones  and Timothy N. Motis
University of Florida

(41) PHYTOTOXICITY AND PLANT-BACK – CRITICAL ISSUES IN THE AUSTRALIAN STRAWBERRY INDUSTRY
S.W. Mattner*, I.J. Porter, R.K. Gounder and A.L. Shanks VDPI, PMB 15, FGDC, Vic, Australia, 3156

(42)ALTERNATIVE FUMIGANTS IN STRAWBERRY PRODUCTION AND THE USE OF REMOTE SENSING
F.N. Martin, USDA-ARS, 1636 East Alisal St., Salinas, CA  93905

(43) GROWER CONDUCTED SURVEYS FOR FIELD DIAGNOSIS AND SAMPLING FOR ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE BASED ON ROOT GALL INDICES
J.W. Noling*1, L.W. Duncan1, and J.P. Gilreath2 University of Florida, IFAS 1 Citrus Research & Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL
2 Gulf Coast Research & Education Center, Bradenton, FL

(44) BENEFICIAL EFFECTS OF RHIZOBACTERIA ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF STRAWBERRY
J. M. Duniway1*, J. J. Hao1, D. M. Dopkins1, and C. L. Xiao2 1Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616
2Washington State Univ. Tree Fruit Res. and Ed. Ctr., Wenatchee, WA 98801

(44a) Pre-plant cropping and fallowing effects on severity of Prunus replant disease
G. Browne*1, T. Trout2, H. Becherer1, S. McLaughlin1, R. Lee1, J. Gartung2, M. Gillis3, S. Schneider2, R. Bulluck III1.
1USDA-ARS, Department of Plant Pathology, Univ. of California, Davis; 2USDA-ARS WMRL, Parlier, CA, 3TriCal, Hollister, CA

(45) EVALUATION OF DAZOMET FOR GOLF COURSE FAIRWAY RENOVATION
Bradley S. Park*, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey; and Peter J. Landschoot, The Pennsylvania State University


(46) SODIUM AZIDE [SEP-100] FOR CONTROL OF NEMATODES AND WEED PROBLEMS IN GREEN PEPPER PRODUCTION
R. Rodriguez-Kabana and J. R. Akridge, Auburn University and Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station Auburn, Alabama 36830, U.S.A.

(47) A REVIEW OF POTENTIAL METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES (MBA) FROM IR-4 MBA PROGRAMS
Jack A. Norton, Manager IR-4 MBA Programs, IR-4 Headquarters

(48) RESULTS OF THE  IR-4 STRAWBERRY METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES PROGRAM IN FLORIDA DURING 2002
James P. Gilreath*, Timothy N. Motis, Jack Norton and  Joseph W. Noling
University of Florida 

(49) BURIED DRIP APPLICATION STUDIES WITH INLINE AND TELONE EC IN MELONS, 1999-2003
Jesse M. Richardson*1, Mohammed Zerkoune2, James P. Mueller1, and John Busacca1

(50) Effects of soil fumigants and BioYieldtm on root-knot nematode incidence and yield of tomato
Nancy Kokalis-Burelle* and Don W. Dickson
USDA, ARS, U.S. Horticultural Research Lab, Ft. Pierce, FL 34945, Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 

(51) NEMATICIDAL AND HERBICIDAL PROPERTIES OF 2-PROPENAL [ACROLEIN]: A POTENTIAL ALTERNATIVE TO METHYL BROMIDE FOR SOIL FUMIGATION
R. Rodriguez-Kabana, E. A. Guertal, R. H. Walker, and D. H. Teem Auburn University and Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station
Auburn, Alabama, U.S.A. 36849

(52) Long Term Effect of Fumigant and Herbicide Combinations in Bell Pepper (Capsicum annuum)
James P. Gilreath1, Joseph W. Noling2, Timothy N. Motis1, Erin Rosskopf3, and Bielinski M. Santos1*. 1Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, IFAS, University of Florida. 2Citrus Research and Education Center, IFAS, University of Florida. 3US Horticultural Research Laboratory, ARS, US Department of Agriculture.

(53) NEMATICIDAL AND HERBICIDAL PROPERTIES OF CALCIUM AND HYDROGEN CYANAMIDES
R. Rodriguez-Kabana, R. H.  Walker, E. A. Guertal and D.H. Teem Auburn University and Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station Auburn, Alabama 36849, U.S.A.

(54) PROTECTED CULTURE OF STRAWBERRY AS A METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVE: CULTIVAR TRIAL
Ashwin V. Paranjpe1, Daniel J. Cantliffe1, Craig K. Chandler2, Margaret Smither-Kopperl1*, Silvia Rondon1and Philip A.Stansly3. . University of Florida, IFAS, 1Protected Agriculture Project, Gainesville, FL 32611: 2GCREC, Dover, FL  33527: 3SWFREC, Immokalee, FL 34142

(55) FUMIGATION AND FALLOWING EFFECTS ON REPLANT PROBLEMS IN CALIFORNIA PEACH
Tom Trout*, Sally Schneider, Husein Ajwa, and Jim Gartung
USDA-ARS, Fresno, CA

(56) Impacts of Alternatives on Strawberry Yield and Root Colonization by FUNGal Pathogens
L.M. Ferguson (1), F.J. Louws (1*), Z.G. Abad (2), G. E. Fernandez (3), E.B. Poling (3) and P.M. Brannen (4).  (1) North Carolina State Univ., Plant Pathology; (2) Plant Pathogen Identification Laboratory – PPIL, Raleigh, NC; (3) NCSU, Horticultural Science; (4) Univ. of Georgia, Plant Pathology, Athens, GA

(60) IRRADIATION SUPERIOR TO METHYL BROMIDE FOR FRUITS
Guy J. Hallman, USDA-ARS, Weslaco, Texas

(61) IRRADIATION AS A METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVE FOR SWEETPOTATO EXPORTS FROM HAWAII
Peter A. Follett, USDA-ARS, U.S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center,
Hilo, Hawaii

(62) OZONE VACUUM FUMIGATION AS A METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVE FOR GREEN COFFEE
John W. Armstrong*1, Tara H. McHugh2, Carl W. Olsen2, James G. Leesch3, J. Steven Tebbets3, Catherine G. Cavaletto4, and H.C. ‘Skip’ Bittenbender4 1,2,3U.S. Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service 1U.S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center, Hilo, HI 2Western Regional Research Center, Albany, CA 3San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, Parlier, CA
4College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI     

(63) INSECT CONTROL WITH OZONE GAS AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO METHYL BROMIDE
J. G. Leesch1*,  J. W. Armstrong2,  J. S. Tebbets1 and J. C. Tebbets1 USDA-ARS, 1.  San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, Parlier, CA 2.  U.S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center, Hilo. HI

(64) FOR EFFECTIVE, SAFE AND CHEMICAL FREE PEST MANAGEMENT… TURN UP THE HEAT
Mimoun Abaraw*, TEMP-AIR

(65) EFFICACY OF COMPLEMENTARY MEASURES TO ASSIST HEAT DISINFESTATION OF STRUCTURES
C H Bell*, S T Conyers and D A Cook
Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ

(66) Cylinderized Phosphine as a Replacement for Methyl Bromide
Michael DePalo, Cytec Industries Inc.

(67) COMBINATION FUMIGATION METHOD Structural Fumigations Using Heat, Carbon Dioxide, and Phosphine
David K. Mueller, Insects Limited, Inc.

(68) METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES IN FLOUR MILLS
Robert M. Blachly

(69) EFFECTIVENESS OF HEAT FOR DISINFESTATION OF NITIDULID BEETLES FROM DATES
Shlomo Navarro*, Simcha Finkelman, Miriam Rindner and Refael Dias,
Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P. O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel

(70) SURVIVAL OF INDIANMEAL MOTH AND NAVEL ORANGEWORM AT LOW TEMPERATURES
Judy A. Johnson* and Karen A. Valero, USDA-ARS,
Parlier, CA

(71) Stone fruit quality following high temperature/ controlled atmosphere treatment
1David Obenland*, 1Paul Neipp and 2Lisa Neven, 1USDA-ARS, San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, Parlier, CA
2USDA-ARS, Yakima Agricultural Research Laboratory, Wapato, WA

(72) ORGANIC QUARANTINE TREATMENTS FOR POME AND STONE FRUITS
Lisa Neven*, USDA-ARS, Wapato, WA,  David Obenland, USDA-ARS Parlier, CA, Stephen Drake USDA-ARS, Wenatchee, WA, Guy Hallman USDA-ARS Weslaco, TX

(73) FIELD TRIALS ON BIOGENERATED V-HF SYSTEMS TO CONTROL THE LARGE NARCISSUS FLY
Shlomo Navarro*, Simcha Finkelman Miriam Rindner, Refael Dias and Avi Azrieli,
Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P. O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel

(74) PRACTICAL ASPECTS TO THE USE OF VACUUM AS A METHOD TO CONTROL STORAGE INSECTS
Simcha Finkelman1*, Shlomo Navarro1, Miriam Rindner1, Refael Dias1 and Tamir Hezy2 1Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O Box 6, Bet Dagan 50-250, Israel 2Ethan Amichai Nationwide Exterminating (Israel) Ltd., P.O Box 2272, Ramat-Gan, Israel

(75) NON-THERMAL METABOLIC STRESS DISINFESTATION AND DISINFECTION METHOD FOR FRESH AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
Manuel C. Lagunas-Solar*, Timothy K. Essert, Nolan X. Zeng, Cecilia Piña U., Tin Truong, and Hugo vonBernath, Crocker Nuclear Laboratory (Chemistry & Agriculture Program) University of California, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A.

(76) A ROLE FOR GLYCEROL ADDITION TO WHEAT GERM FOR GROWTH OF INDIAN MEAL MOTHS
D. Silhacek* and C. Murphy,
Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, ARS-USDA, P.O. Box 14565,  Gainesville, FL 32604

(77) Methyl Bromide Scrubbing Technology 
Peter J. Joyce*, Value Recovery, Inc., Dr. Roman Bielski

(78) SEASON-LONG MONITORING OF NAVEL ORANGEWORM WITH FEMALE SEX PHEROMONE AND EGG TRAPS
L.P.S. Kuenen* and H.C. Rowe, USDA, ARS, SJVASC, CPQIR,
9611 S. Riverbend Ave., Parlier, CA, USA   93648

(79) Modified atmosphere as an alternative to MBr in the dried fig sector in Turkey
M. Emekci1*, A.G. Ferizli1, S. Tütüncü1 & S. Navarro2 1Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection, 06110 Ankara / Turkey;  2 Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization,
The Volcani Center, P.O.Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel

(80) Monitoring the efficacy of flour mill fumigations
James F. Campbell* USDA ARS GMPRC, 1515 College Ave, Manhattan KS 66502

(81) IRRADIATION AS A PHYTOSANITARY TREATMENT FOR FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
J. Larry Zettler, USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Center for Plant Health Science and Technology,
Raleigh, NC  27606

(83) FUMIGATION AS A QUARANTINE TREATMENT FOR SOLID WOOD PACKING (SWP).
A. V. Barak 1*, B. Hamilton2, Y. J. Wang3,   X. Wang3, Z. Chen4 1.   USDA, APHIS, CPHST, Building 1398, Otis ANGB, MA 02542 2.   Dept. of Homeland Security, CBP, Long Beach, CA 3.   Animal and Plant Quarantine Institute, Beijing PRC
4.   Shanghai CIQ, Shanghai, PRC

(85) USE OF STEAM HEAT TO CONTROL AN INVASIVE HITCHHIKING SNAIL, CERNUELLA CISALPINA, ON IMPORTED MILITARY SHIPPING CONTAINERS
*Ron Mack   USDA-APHIS-PPQ-CPHST

 
(86) QuickPHlo-R technology delivers phosphine fast
C.J. Waterford. CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory,
GPO Box 1700, ACT 2601 Canberra, Australia

(87) EFFICACY OF A MIXTURE OF PHOSPHINE/CARBON DIOXIDE ON STORED PRODUCT INSECTS
1J.S. Muhareb, 1P.L. Hartsell, 1M.L. Arnest, 1J.M. Hurley, 2R. Deskin  1American Council for Food Safety and Quality, Fresno, CA 93721 
2CYTEC Industries INC., West Paterson, NJ 07424

(88) Phosphine as an alternative to MBr in the dried fig sector in Turkey
A.G. Ferizli1*, M. Emekci1, S. Tütüncü1 & S. Navarro2 1Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection, 06110 Ankara / Turkey 2 Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization,
The Volcani Center, P.O.Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel 

(89) NEW TRENDS IN PHOSPHINE FUMIGANTS Rapid evolution of cylinderized phosphine fumigants
John B. Mueller*
Fumigation Service & Supply, Inc.

(90) Ethyl Formate: Australian field trials and a New formulation - VAPORMATE
C.J. Waterford, D. Mahon, K. Damcevski and G. Dojchinov, CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory,
GPO Box 1700, ACT 2601 Canberra, Australia

(91)UpData of Ethyl Formate on New formulation and field trials in australia
C.J. Waterford, D. Mahon, CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, GPO Box 1700, ACT 2601 Canberra, Australia.

(92) CARBONYL SULFIDE FOR DISINFESTATION OF EXPORT HAY: AN UPDATE
G. L. Weller and J. E. van S. Graver, CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, GPO Box 1700, Canberra, 2601, Australia

(93) DISTRIBUTION OF CARBONYL SULFIDE IN WHEAT FUMIGATED IN A FARM BIN
Y. L. Ren, D. Mahon and J. E. van S. Graver*. CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia

(94) PROPYLENE OXIDE, A REGISTERED FUMIGANT, A SAFE INSECTICIDE
TOM GRIFFITH, VP. ABERCO, INC

(95) EFFECT OF SULFURYL FLUORIDE ON THE PINEWOOD NEMATODE IN PINE WOOD
L.D. Dwinell1*, E. Thoms2, and S. Prabhakaran
1USDA Forest Service, Athens, GA; 2Dow AgroSciences LLC, Gainesville, FL; 3Dow AgroSciences LLC, Indianapolis, IN.

(96) PROFUME* GAS FUMIGANT: A SUCCESSFUL FIT AS A METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVE
Robert E. Williams*1, Jim Garrett2, Ed Hosoda3, and Ken Phelps4 1Dow AgroSciences LLC, Atascadero, CA;  2Fume Tech, Inc., Sacramento, CA; 3Cardinal Professional Products, Woodland, CA;  4Dow AgroSciences LLC,
Granite Bay, CA

(97) FIRST GLOBAL APPROVAL AND COMMERCIAL USAGE OF PROFUME* IN SWITZERLAND
A. Schreyer*a, D. Fassbindb, B. Ruebsamenc, S. Buckleyd, and M. J. Drinkalle

(98) DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPREHENSIVE STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM FOR PROFUME* GAS FUMIGANT
Christopher Voglewede, Technology Transfer Leader, Brian Schneider – Biology Research and Development and Damon Shodrock* – Customer Technologist, Dow AgroSciences LLC, 9330 Zionsville Road, Indianapolis, IN 46033,
USA

(99) On-the-Job Fumigation Training – Educational and Interesting
Suresh K. Prabhakaran1*, Joy B. Rogers2, Marty Morgan3, Ken Phelps4, Vince Geiger5, Damon Shodrock5 and Brian Schneider5
1Dow AgroSciences, Mooresville, IN;  2Dow AgroSciences, Catoosa, OK;    3Dow AgroSciences, Columbus, OH;  4Dow AgroSciences, Granite Bay, CA; 5Dow AgroSciences, Indianapolis, IN

(100) DEVELOPING PRECISION FUMIGATION PLANS USING THE PROFUME* FUMIGUIDE*
Brian Schneider*, Chris Voglewede, and Damon Shodrock, Dow AgroSciences LLC, 9330 Zionsville Road, Indianapolis, IN 46268

(101) Ways to Enhance the Technology Transfer Process of Post-Harvest Methyl Bromide Alternatives
Ed Hosoda, Cardinal Professional Products,
Woodland, CA

(105) Weed Efficacy of SEP 100: Rate, Tillage and Tarp Effects
R.H. Walker, R. Rodriguez-Kabana, J.L. Belcher, E.A. Guertal, and D.H. Teem, Auburn University and Alabama Agric. Exp. Stn.,
Auburn, AL 36849

(106) SEP 100 (Sodium Azide) Efficacy Against Hybrid and Common Bermudagrass
E.A. Guertal, R. Rodriguez-Kabana, and R.H. Walker, Auburn University and Alabama Agricultural, Auburn, AL 36849

(107) Basamid Uses In Turfgrass Management and Ornamental/Tree Nursery Sites
W. Pennington and K. E. Kalmowitz, BASF Corporation, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709.

(108) EMISSION REDUCTION OF CHLOROPICRIN AND 1,3-DICHLOROPROPENE WITH A GAS-BARRIER FILM
Y. Kobara*, S. Endo, S. Ishihara, T. Horio, and K. Ohtsu, Unit of Environmental Pesticide Assessment, National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences (NIAES), 3-1-3, Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8604, Japan

(109) Impact of Township Caps on Telone Use in California
Tom Trout, USDA-ARS, Fresno, CA

(110) FUMIGANT USE IN CALIFORNIA
Tom Trout,
USDA-ARS, Fresno, CA

(111) RESURGENCE OF SOILBORNE PESTS IN DOUBLE-CROPPED CUCUMBER
James P. Gilreath*,  Joseph W. Noling,  John P. Jones  and Timothy N. Motis,
University of Florida

(112) TREATMENT COMBINATIONS TO IMPROVE EFFICACY IN FIELD-GROWN FLOWERS
Clyde L. Elmore*, University of California, Davis, CA, J. Roncoroni, University of California, Davis, and S. Tjosvold, University of California, Santa Cruz County. 

(113) Combination of soil fumigants: Synergistic performance and improved yield
A. Gamliel1*, S. Triki1, M. Austerweil1 P. Di Primo1, I. Peretz-Alon2, O. Heiman3, M. Beniches1, B. Steiner
1Laboratory for Pest Management Research, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel. 2R&D, Yaham Ma’on Region, Negev 85465, Israel. 3Dor Chemicals, Ltd. Heifa

(114) ALTERNATIVE CHEMICAL TREATMENTS FOR ORNAMENTAL CROPS.
J. S. Gerik, USDA-ARS, Water Management Research Laboratory, Parlier, CA

(115) Effect of  Sublabel Rates of Metam Sodium with Trichoderma on Rhizoctonia solani
D. R. Fravel* Vegetable Laboratory  USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA, and J. A. Lewis, formerly Biocontrol of Plant Diseases Laboratory, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA.

(116) METHYL BROMIDE Alternatives AND Mycorrhizal COLONIZATION In VineYard REPLANT TRIALS
R. Paul Schreiner*, USDA-ARS, Corvallis, OR 97330, Sally Schneider USDA-ARS, Parlier, CA 93648, John N. Pinkerton, USDA-ARS, Corvallis, OR, 97330, and Dave Bryla, USDA-ARS, Corvallis, OR 97330.

(117) MANAGING NEMATODES IN NURSERY STOCK WITH HOT WATER AND OZONE
B. B. Westerdahl*1, D.D. Giraud2, L.J. Riddle 3, C.E. Anderson1, and A. Pryor 1Department of Nematology, University of California (UC), Davis, CA, 2 UC Cooperative Extension, Eureka, CA 95503,  3 Easter Lily Research Foundation, Brookings, OR 97415, and 4SoilZone, Inc., Davis, CA 95616

(118) FIELD EVALUATION OF NONCHEMICAL ALTERNATIVES FOR CONTROL OF RING NEMATODE ON PEACH
A. P. Nyczepir* USDA-ARS, Southeastern Fruit & Tree Nut Research Laboratory, 21 Dunbar Rd., Byron, GA  31008

(119) USE OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES FOR SUPPRESSING RING NEMATODE ON PEACH AND PECAN
A. P. Nyczepir*1, D. I. Shapiro-Ilan1, and E. E. Lewis2 1USDA-ARS, Southeastern Fruit & Tree Nut Research Laboratory, 21 Dunbar
Rd., Byron, GA  31008 and 2Department of Entomology, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA  24061

(120) Applications of genomics to biological control of soilborne diseases
J. E. Loper and C. Press, USDA, ARS, Corvallis, OR

(121) Comparison of the efficacy of Pasteuria penetrans endospores produced invivo and invitro for the control of Meloidogyne arenaria
T. E. Hewlett1, K. S. Smith1, S. T. Griswold1 and W. T. Crow2 1 Pasteuria Bioscience, Gainesville Florida 
2 Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida

(122) Management of Tomato Ringspot Virus in red raspberry with crop rotation
Jack Pinkerton* and Robert R. Martin USDA-ARS HCRL, Corvallis, OR 97330

(123) USE OF HOT WATER FOR SOIL-BORNE DISEASE CONTROL
Seiji Uematsu*, Chiba Prefectural Agriculture Research Center, Tateyama, Japan, Hidetoshi Uekusa, Kazutaka Kusano, Masahiro Okamoto, and Nobuhiro Kita, Kanagawa Institute of Agricultural Science, Hiratsuka, Japan, Kazuhumi Nishi, National Institute of Vegetable and Tea Science, Ano, Japan

(124) EFFECTS OF MULCH TYPE ON THE EFFICACY OF DRIP-APPLIED SOIL FUMIGANTS
Kenneth W. Seebold, Jr.*, Johan Desaeger, and Alexander Csinos, Department of Plant Pathology, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton GA, 31793

(125) Alternatives Fumigants for the control of soil pests: Strawberry as a model system
Z. Kabir*1, S. Fennimore1, F. Martin2, H. Ajwa1, J. Duniway3, G. Browne4, C. Winterbottom5, B. Westerdahl3, R. Goodhue3, L. Guerrero6, M. Haar7
1University of California-Davis, Salinas CA; 2USDA-ARS Salinas, CA; 3University of California-Davis CA, 4USDA-ARS, Davis CA, 5Sunrise Growers, Placenta, CA, 6California Strawberry Commission, Watsonville, CA, 7University of Minnesota, Lamberton, MN

(126) SOIL FUMIGANT, PLASTIC MULCH, AND VARIETY EFFECTS ON VERTICILLIUM WILT AND YIELD OF STRAWBERRY
J. M. Duniwaya*, J. J. Haoa, D. M. Dopkinsa, H. Ajwab, and G. T. Brownec  aDepartment of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616  bDept. of Vegetable Crops, U. C. Davis, c/o USDA-ARS, Salinas, CA 93905  cUSDA-ARS, Dept. of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616

(127) APPLICATION TECHNIQUES INFLUENCE THE EFFICACY OF Ethanedinitrile (C2N2) FOR SOIL DISINFESTATION
S.W. Mattner1; R. Gregorio2; Y.L., Ren3; T.W. Hyland2;
R.K. Gounder1; M. Sarwar3; and I.J. Porter1
1VDPI, PMB 15, FGDC, VIC, Australia, 3156, 2K&B Adams Pty Ltd, PO Box 290, Bayswater, VIC, Australia, 3153
3CSIRO Entomology, SGRL, GPO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT, Australia, 2601

(128) Integrated management of Phytophthora on strawberry without methyl bromide
G. Browne*1, H. Becherer1, S. McLaughlin1, S. Fennimore2, J. Duniway3, F. Martin4, H. Ajwa2, C. Winterbottom5, and L. Guererro6.
1USDA-ARS, Dept. of Plant Pathology, UC Davis; 2Dept. of Veg. Crops, UC Davis, 3Dept. of Plant Pathology, UC Davis; 4USDA-ARS, Salinas, CA; 5Sunrise Growers, Watsonville, CA; and 6California Strawberry Commission, Watsonville, CA

(129) DMDS – 2003 Field Trials in California
Matt Gillis - TriCal

(130) SEVERE ENHANCED BIODEGRADATION OF METHAM SODIUM IN AUSTRALIA
Ben Warton and John N Matthiessen,
CSIRO Entomology, Private Bag 5 PO, Wembley WA 6913, Australia

(131) EVALUATION OF THE HERBICIDAL AND NEMATICIDAL ACTIVITIES OF METHYL DISULFIDE  - A POTENTIAL ALTERNATIVE TO METHYL BROMIDE
R. Rodriguez-Kabana, Auburn University and Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station,
Auburn, AL, 36849

(132) Screening of Reduced Risk Compounds for Fungicidal and Herbicidal Activity
E.N. Rosskopf*, USDA, ARS, Fort Pierce, FL,
W. Basinger, Ajay North America, LLC, Powder Springs, GA

(133) Results of 2003 Propylene Oxide Preplant Testing
Morris Warren

(134) DEVELOPMENTS IN BROMOSTOP® VIRTUALLY IMPERMEABLE FILM
Riccardo Rimini, Bruno Rimini Ltd-London UK

(135) GREENHOUSE PRODUCTION WITH SOILLESS MEDIA AS A METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVE
Daniel J. Cantliffe1, Nicole Shaw1, Margaret Smither-Kopperl1*, Philip A. Stansly2. University of Florida, IFAS, 1Protected Agriculture Project, Gainesville, FL 32611. 2SWFREC, Immokalee, FL 34142

(136) Allium spp. amendment, temperature, and time affect WEED seed viability in soil
Susan B. Mallek1, James J. Stapleton1*, and Timothy S. Prather1,2, Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program, Kearney Agricultural Center, University of California, Parlier, CA 936481; present address Department of Plant, Soil, and Entomological Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 838442

(137) Lethal Temperature-time Dosages for Meloidogyne incognita in soil
Tarcisio S. Ruiz, James J. Stapleton*, and Michael V. McKenry, Kearney Agricultural Center, University of California, Parlier, CA  93648

(138) Biogenic emission, biological origin, and mode of action of DMDS, a natural ubiquitous fumigant
J. Auger1 and P. Charles2 1. IRBI UMR CNRS 6035, University F.Rabelais,Parc de Grandmont,37200Tours,France 2. ATOFINA - Atofina Research Unit - G.R.L. Lacq 64170 France

(139) METHYL IODIDE/HEAT ON POSTHARVEST FRUIT QUALITY/PHYTOTOXICITY
Louis H. Aung*, James G. Leesch, Joel F. Jenner, and David M. Obenland, USDA, ARS, 9611 S. Riverbend Avenue, Parlier, CA 93648

(140) Further Evaluation of Mating Disruption as a Pest Management Tool for Indianmeal Moth in Organic Dried Beans
David G. Brandla*, Charles S. Burksa, Jesse Robertsb, and Liz Pattersonc aUSDA-ARS, San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, Parlier, CA 93648 bTrinidad Benham, Patterson, CA  95363
cTrinidad Benham, Sutter, CA  93982

(141) Interaction of Ethanedinitrile (C2N2) with contact materials used in grain storage
Muhammad Sarwar, Daphne Mahon and Yonglin Ren,
CSIRO Entomology, Stored Grain Research Laboratory, Canberra, Australia.

(142) Toxicity of Ethanedinitrile (C2N2) to Asian LongHorned Beetle Larvae
Y.L. Ren1, Y.J. Wang2, X. Wang2, Y.S. Lu2 and A.V. Barak3  1.    CSIRO Entomology, GPO Box 1700, ACT 2601, Canberra, Australia 2.    Animal & Plant Quarantine Institute, Beijing, P.R. China 3.    USDA, APHIS, PP&Q, Building 1398, Otis ANGB, MA 02542

(143) A Genomics Approach to MeBr Replacements for Nematode Control
Andrew Kloek* Divergence, Inc.,  Barry Shortt, Chelly Hresko, Jeremy Williams, and Jim McCarter

(144) DAZITOL TAKES HOLD IN JORDAN: 3 CASE STUDIES
Jonathan Slevin, General Manager, Champon Millennium Chemicals, Inc. – U.S. Operations

(101) Ways to Enhance the Technology Transfer Process of Post-Harvest Methyl Bromide Alternatives
Ed Hosoda, Cardinal Professional Products,
Woodland, CA

 

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