US Environmental Protection Agency

1995 Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions

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Conference Cover Page
Program Committee
Conference Objectives
Conference Program
MBTOC - The 1995 Assessment


"Elimination of Methyl Bromide presents a major non-tariff barrier to international trade of agricultural products".

Methyl Bromide Emission Control From Commodity Fumigation (Gerhard F. Knapp).

Methyl Iodide: A potential Alternative To Methyl Bromide (James J. Sims).

Natural Produts Contribution to Methyl Bromide Phaseout (Dr. Paul K. Ndalut).

Insect Resistant Packaging For Protection of Processed Foods (Michael A. Mullen).

Fumigation of Freight Containers - A Study in Jamaica (R W D Taylor).

Mortality of Toxotrypana Curvicauda (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Papayas Exposed To Forced Hot Air (Walter P. Gould).

Postharvest Alternatives For Propagative Materials and Cut Flowers (Arnold H. Hara).

Abamectin Caribbean Fruit Fly Bait (Michael K. Hennessey).

Development of a Carbon Dioxide Quarantine Treatment For Omnivorous Leafroller Western Flower Thrip, Pacific Spider Mite and Grape Mealy Bug on Table Grapes (Elizabeth J. Mitcham, Miguel Ahumada and Veronique Bikoba).

Combinatin Treatments Of Pome Fruit For Quarantine (Lisa G. Neven).

High Temperature Controlled Atmosphere For Disinfesting Grapefruit Of Mexian Fruit Fly (Krista C. Shellie and Robert L. Mangan).

Bromosorb Adsorption Technology For Recovery and Reuse in Commercial Operation (Vladan M. Vljovic).

Controlled Atmosphere Treatment for Commodities (Robert B. Gay).


ALternative to Methyl Bromide for Soil Disinfestation in North-Western Italy (M. Lodovica Guillino, Giovani Minuto and Angelo Garibaldi).

Biocontrol of Fusarium Wilt of Tomato (R.P. Larkin and D.R. Fravel).

Bioherbicides as Potential Alternatives To Methyl Bromide For Weed Control (C. Douglas Boyette).

The Potential of Using Plant Extracts as as Alteranative To Methyl Bromide for Control of Soil Borne Pests (Dr. David M. Okioga).

Suitability of Organic Compost and Broccoli Mulch Soil Treatments for Commercial Strawberry Production on the California Central Coast (F.V. Sances and E.L. Ingham).

Biofumigation and Solarization For Soil Disinfestation (James J. Stapleton).

Broccoli Reside For Verticillium Wilt Control: A Potential Alternative To Chemical Fumigants (Chang-Lin Xia).

Effects Of Composts On Suppression Of Soil-Borne Plant Disease (Patricia D. Milner and Chloe H. Ringer).

The Use Of Verticillium Dahliae and Streptomyces SPP. As Indicators Of Soil Disinfestation (George Lazarovtis and Giora Kritzman).

Utilization of Organic Soil Amendments For Control Of The Soilborne Pathogens. Verticillium Dahliae and Streptomyces SPP (George Lazarovtis and Giora Kritzman).

Reducing Methyl Bromide Emissions From Soil Fumigation In Greenhouses (B. Chakrabarti, T Wonter-Smith & C H Bell).

Reducing Fumigant Volatilization Through Optimized Application And Soil Management (J. Gan, S.R. Yates, D. Wang and F.F. Ernst).

Mitigating The Volatilization Associated With Telone (Michael V. McKenry and Tom Buzo).

Nematode And Disease Control With Drip Irrigation Applications of 1,3-D And Chloropicrin (James P. Mueller).

The Stonewool Alterantive (Barry K. Witt).

Effectiveness Of Resistance To The Southern Root-Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne Incognita) In Pepper (Capsicum Annuum) (J.A. Thies, R.L. Fery, and J.D. Mueller).

Comparitive Performance Of Different Strawberry Cultivars With And Without Methyl Bromide Fumigation In Field Soil Naturally Infested By Phytophthora SPP. And Verticilluj SP. And Feasibility Of Using Resistance Of Strawberry Cultivars As An Alternative To Methyl Bromide Soil Fumigation (John S.M. Mircetich, C.Q. Winterbottom, R.J. Wakeman).

It Is A Long Road From The Finding Of A New Rootstock To The Replacement Of A Soil Fumigant (M.V. McKenry and J.O. Kretsch).

Research In The Plant Pathology Department University of California Riverside on Statewide Methyl Bromide Alternatives (Mike D. Coffey, and Albert O. Paulus).

Reduction Of Fusarium Crown And Root Rot Of Tomato By Combining Soil Solarization And Metam Sodium (R.J. McGovern).

Mycorrhizal Fungai As Pathogens Controlled By Soil Fumigation (James W. Hendrix).

Evidence For The Development Of A "Biological Vacuum" In Soil Following Pre-Plant Soil Fumigation Or Drenches (Michael McKenry, Stephanie Kaku, and Rulon Ashcroft).

First-Year Evaluation Of Tree And Vine Growth And Nematode Development Following 17 Pre-Plant Treatments (Michael McKenry, Stephanie Kaku, and Rulon Ashcroft).

Fumigant/Herbicide Combinations For Polyethlyene Mulched Tomato (James P. Gilreath, John P. Jones and Joseph W. Noling).

Fumigant Alternative To Methyl Bromide For Polyethylene Mulched Tomato (S.J. Locascio, D.W. Dickson, and T.A. Kucharek).

Evaluation Of Some Chemical And Cultural Alternatives To Methyl Bromide Fumigation Of Soil In A California Strawberry Production System (J.M. Duniway and W.D. Gubler).

Evaluation Of Methyl Bromide Alternative Fumigants And Non-Fumigants On Tomato Under Polyethylene Mulch In 1995 (D.W. Dickson, S.J. Locascio, and T.A. Kucharek).

Integration Of Methyl Bromide Alternatives Into A Commercial Tomato Production System. (D.O. Chellemi).

Alternatives To Preplant Soil Disinfestation With Methyl Bromide In Horticultural Crops In South Eastern Australia (Ian J. Porter, Susan E. Fergulio and Peter R. Merriman).

Methyl Iodide: A Potential ALternative To Methyl Bromide (James J. Sims).

Methyl Iodide: An Effective Replacement For Methyl Bromide For Weed Control (M.E. McGiffen, Jr.).

Methyl Iodide An Effective Replacement For Methyl Bromide For PrePlant Fumigant Of Soil Fungi (H.D. Ohr, J.J. Sims and N.M. Grech).

Efficacy Of Methyl Iodide Against Root-Knot Nematodes In Bucket And Field Trails (J.O. Becker).

Methyl Iodide A Direct Replacement Of Methyl Bromide As A Soil Fumigant For Tomatoes (R.T. McMillan, Jr., H.H. Bryan).

Use Of Methyl Iodide For Nematode Control (J.W. Noling and J.P. Gilreath).

Dazomet, A Methyl Bromide Alternative (Walter A. Skroch, Ph.D.).

Soil Injection 1,3 DICHLOROPROPENE, Alone Or Combine With CHLORPICRIN And/Or Preemergent Herbcides, For Nematode, Soil Borne Disease and Weed Control (Michael W. Melichar).

Hot Water A Viable Alternative To Methyl Bromide (Chapman Mayo).

Use Of Hotwater For Nematode Control: A Research Summary (J.W. Noling).


Parameters Influencing Efficacy For Quarantine Use (Ken Vick).

The Development Of Regulatory Policies For The Use Of Irradiation As A Phytosanitary Treatment (Robert L. Griffin).

Treatment Of Russian Logs With Cobalt-60 Irradiation To Meet Phytosanitary Requirements For Export Into The United States (Robin N. Huettel).

Irradiation As A Substitute For Methyl Bromide Treatment (Dr. Thomas E. Ward).

The State Of Florida Perspective On Irradiation As A Quarantine Treatment (Burell Smittle).

The California Perspective On Irradiation As A Quarantine Treatment (David Luscher).

Hawaii's Perspective On Food Irradiation (Lyle Wong, Ph.D).

Radiation Technology As An Alternative To Methyl Bromide (Jiri Kotler).

Practical Consideration In Commercializing Irradiation Technology (George Dietz).

"Consumer Acceptance Of Irradiated Produce" (Bill Hargraves).

The Gray * Star Solution (Martin H. Stein, Russell N. Stein and Albert S. Marulli).

Morality Of Blueberry Maggot Larvae Exposed To Gamma Radiation (Jennifer L. Sharp).

Irradiation As A Quarantine Treatment Of Tropical Fruits (James H. Moy and Lyle Wong).

Biochemical Determinants Of Irradiation In Codling Moth? (Lisa G. Neven).

Irradiation Of Grain For Quarantine Purposes: Aspects Of Radiation-Induced Perturbation Of Mycotoxin Production (Joseph Borsa, Ph.D.).

Techniques To Identify Irridated Fruit Fly Larvae (Burrell J. Smittle and James L. Nation).

Influence Of Electron Beam Irradiation On Sweet Cherry Quality (S.R. Drake and L.G. Neven).

Radiation Disinfestation Of Dried Fruits And Nuts (Judy A. Johnson).

Effects Of Radiation On Quality Of Fresh Fruits And Vegetables (Roy E. McDonald and William R. Miller).

Irradiation Of Khapra Beetle As A Quarantine Alternative To Methyl Bromide Fumigatin (John H. Brower).


Benefits Of Fumigation In Southern Forest Nurseries (William A Carey).

Cultural & Biological Alternatives To Methyl Bromide In Souther Pine Seedling Production (P.P. Kormanik, S.S. Sung T.L. Kormanik, and W.J. Otrosina).

Soil Water Management And Fusarium Root Rot In Eastern White Pine Seedlings (J. Juzwik, D.J. Rugg, P.J. Menes, and K.R. Cease).

Alternatives To Methyl Bromide For Control Of Soil-Borne Diseases In Bare Root Forest Nurseries (Jeffrey K. Stone).

Pest Management Without Methyl Bromide In A Georgia Forest-Tree Nursery (Fraedrich, S.W., and L.D. Dwinell).

Alternatives To Fumigation And Fungicides In Barefoot Forest Nurseries: Soil Treatments And Biocontrol See Treatments (Michael Peterson).

Heat-Treating Loblolly Pine Number To Eradicate Bursaphelenchus Xylophilus: Verification Tests (Dwinell, L.D., Y. Chung, D. Lee, and C. Yi).

Radio Waves And Steam, Alone Or In Combination, For The Eradication Of Bursaphelenchus Xylophilus In Southern Pine Chips (L.D. Dwinell and W.W. Carr).


Alternative Treatments For Decontaminating Equipment Infested With The Golden Nematode (Bill B. Brodie).

Assessing The Global Use Potential Of Sulfuryl Fluoride (D.M. Chambers & C.E. Millard).

The Stonewool Alternative (Barry K. Witt).

Methyl Iodide: A Potential Alternative To Methyl Bromide (James J. Sims).


Impact Of Aeration On Insect Pest Populations In Stored Corn (Frank H. Arthur).

A Two Stage Low-Oxygen Treatment To Control Navel Orangeworm and Indianmeal Moth In Walnuts (David G. Brandl and Edwin L. Soderstrom).

Heat Susceptibility Of Flour Beetles As Influenced By Age and Sex (Alan K. Dowdy and William H. McGaughey).

Incorporation of Fruit Coatings Into Quarnatine Security Systems (Guy J. Hallman).

Phytotoxicity To Citrus Fruit From Postharvest Heat And Cold Insectidal Quarantine Treatments Used As Alternatives To Methyl Bromide Fumigation. (Laurie G. Houck, David M. Obenland, and Louis H. Aung).

Integrated Pest Management Of Postharvest Insect Pests of Walntus. (J.A. Johnson, D.G. Brandl and C.E. Curtis).

Spinosad As A Bait Spray Toxicant For The Caribbean Fruit Fly. (Jimmie R. King and Michael K. Hennessey).

Comaparitive Response Of Grapefruit To Vapor Heat Or Hot Water Treatment. (W.R. Miller and R.E. McDonald).

Fumigants To Kill Fungi And Paraenchyma In Red Oak Log Sections. (Elmer L. Schmidt, and Richard P. Woodward).

Investigations Into The Use Of Phosphine For The Quarantine Treatment of Plant Cuttings. (Oliver C. Macdonald and Ken A. Mills).

Investigatinos On The Adsorption, Storage Stability, And Recovery Of Methyl Bromide Using Petroleum Charcoal Air Sampling Tubes. (John M. Ariano).

Methyl Bromide Volatilization And Downwind Fate. (J.N. Seiber, J.E. Woodrow, and K. Dowling).

Potential For Off-Season Soil Flooding As An Alternative To Methyl Bromide Fumigation In Florda. (L.H. Allen, Jr.).

USDA Agricultural Research Service Programs in California on Preharvest/Soils and Postharvest Methy Bromide Alternatives. (USDA Agricultural Research Program).

Methyl Bromide Alternatives For Control of Soil-borne Diseases, Nematodes, and Weeds: The USDA-ARS Research Program in Florida. (Kaplan, D.T.).

Development of Single-Spore Isolates of Pasteuria SPP., A Bacterial Parasite of Plant Parasitic Nematodes. (Kaplan, D.T., Dickson, D.W. and T.E. Hewlett).

Development of Root-Knot Nematode Resistant Transgenic Tomatoes For Control of Meloidogyne SPP. (Conkling, M.A., Opperman, C.H., and Bird, D. McK).

USDA, ARS, Beltsville Area Programs Directed At Development Of Methyl Bromide Alternatives For Pre-Plant Applications. (J.C. Locke, D.R. Fravel and R.D. Lumsden).

POSTER: 1,3-D: Regulatory Issues, Toxicological Effets, Environmental Fate, Properties And Product Safety. (Roby, D.M., D.E. Barnekow, and F.R. Batzer).

Evaluation Of Guardian Rootstock As A Methyl Bromide Alternative For Managing Peach Tree Short Life. (A.P. Nyczepir, T.G. Beckman, and P.F. Bertrand).


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