US Environmental Protection Agency



1998 Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions

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Conference Cover Page
Program Committee
Title Page
Conference Objectives
Sponsor's Page
Conference Program

Effect of post-plant soil solarization on survival of ten plant species and control of soilborne pathogens (Abu Gharbieh).

Solarization and Anaerobic Soil Management Practices as Alternatives to Methyl Bromide for Vegetable Production in Florida (Sotomayor).

Use of Steam in Place of Methyl Bromide as Decontaminate for the Golden Nematode (Brodie).

Effect of preplant solarization on ring nematode in a peach tree short life site (Nyczepir).

Rhizosphere ecology of strawberry; root pathogens and beneficial colonizers (Frank Martin).

Response of strawberry to soil fumigation: microbial mechanisms and some alternatives to methyl bromide (J.M. Duniway).

Important biological components to be included in the search for alternatives to the use of methyl bromide in mexico (Roberto Garcia-Espinosa).

Towards the development of sustainable alternatives for the control of apple replant disease in washington (Mark Mazzola).

Genetic engineering as an alternative to methyl bromide fumigation (Alison Morgan and Neal Gutterson).

Characterization of resistance conferred by the n gene to meloidogyne arenaria, m. hapla, and m. javanica in charleston belle and carolina wonder bell peppers (Judy A. Thies and Richard L. Fery).

Soil distribution and efficacy of alternative fumigants to methyl bromide applied by drip irrigation systems (Husein Ajwa and Tom Trout).

Strawberry response to 1,3-d, chloropicrin, and metham sodium applied by drip irrigation systems (Tom Trout and Husein Ajwa).

Bacterial oxidation of methyl bromide: results of soil flux chamber experiments (Lawrence G. Miller)

Strawberries crops in france : different methods to apply methyl bromide and metam sodium in open fields (Jerome Fritsch).

Gas impermeable mulch film affects pepper production (James P. Gilreath and Dan O. Chellemi).

Back to the future: Progress and problems with steam as a pre-plant treatment of field soil (Andrew L. Bishop).

Soil solarization: a perspective from a northern temperate region (Jack Pinkerton).

Managing soilborne diseases by managing root microbial communities (Robert G. Linderman)

Mechanisms of action for control of soilborne pathogens by high nitrogen-containing soil amendments (Mario Tenuta and George Lazarovits).

Effects of ammonium lignosulfonate on soil microbial populations, verticillium wilt, and potato scab (Nader Soltani and George Lazarovits).

Compost as an alternative to methyl bromide as a means for nutrient management for strawberry production (Frank L. Louws).

Methyl bromide alternatives research for strawberry production in North Carolina (Frank Louws and Ken Sorenson).

Conventional and organic alternatives to methyl bromide on California strawberries (Frank V. Sances and Elaine R. Ingham).

Strawberry Yield Performance in Response to Ten Preplant Soil Treatments (Kirk D. Larson).

Unique use of basamid in combination with other fumigants in california strawberries (Robert Webb).

Alternatives for methyl bromide fumigation of tobacco seed beds, pepper and tomato seedlings (A. S. Csinos).

Evaluation of methyl bromide alternative fumigants on tomato under polyethylene mulch in 1998 (D. W. Dickson, S. J. Locascio, and D. J. Mitchell).

Metam Sodium Combined with Chloropicrin as an Alternative to Methyl Bromide (S. J. Locascio and D. W. Dickson).

Metam sodium as an alternative to methyl bromide for fruit and vegetable production and orchard replanting (Mitchell W. Sauerhoff).

Methyl iodide - recent field results (James J. Sims).

EMF for pest control in soil as a methyl bromide alternative (F.S. Davis, J.R. Wayland, E.R. Meddress, P K. Baugh, and L.W. Vincent).

Chloropicrin with metham-sodium and eptam for nutsedge control and the production of southern pine seedlings (William A. Carey).

Evaluation of fumigants for pest management and seedling production in southern pine nurseries (Stephen W. Fraedrich and L. David Dwinell)

Nematicidal value of eighteen preplant treatments one year after replanting susceptible and resistant peach rootstocks (M. V. McKenry, B. Hutmacher, T. Trout).

Growth and yield benefit of replanting into "transported non replant problem soil" (Michael McKenry, Tom Buzo, and David Dougherty).

Alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation for control of soil borne diseases in bare root forest nurseries (Jeffrey K. Stone, Diane M. Hildebrand, Robert L. James, and Susan M. Frankel).

Preplant nursery soil additions of forest soils, commercial sewage and mushroom composts and basamid (dazomet) to control the fungal pathogen, cylindrocladium scoparium (Hunter, B. B., M. T. Lyons, R. Bulluck, A. Burd and J. C. Gore).

The Impact of the Methyl Bromide Ban on the U.S. Vegetable Industry (John J. VanSickle and Charlene Brewster).

Economic impacts of switching from pre-plant fumigation with methyl bromide (Lori Lynch and Janet Carpenter).

Alternatives to methyl bromide for nematode control: A south florida synopsis (J.W. Noling and J.P. Gilreath).

DAZITOL – The Silver Bullet Replacement for Methyl Bromide Pre-plant Usage (Louis Champon).

Technology transfer among tree and vine crops (Michael McKenry).

Technology transfer of methyl bromide alternative for soilborne pest management (Joseph W. Noling and Phyllis Gilreath).

Technology transfer of methyl bromide alternatives in california strawberry production (Christopher Winterbottom, Jim Mueller, Thomas Trout, Frank Westerlund).

Technology transfer: A farm perspective (Wes Roan).

Technology transfer strategy for biologically-intensive IPM alternatives to methyl bromide in winegrapes (Sheila Daar, William Olkowski, Gisela Wittenborn, and Cliff Ohmart).

On-farm methyl bromide preplant soil fumigation alternatives in california strawberry production (Christopher Winterbottom, James Mueller, Thomas Trout, Frank Westerlund, Tri-Cal).

Methyl bromide alternatives in southern california strawberry production: a farmer's perspective (David Murray, California Strawberry Commission, USDA-ARS WMRL, Tri-Cal, BASF).

Reducing the usage of Methyl bromide for soil disinfestation in Italy: Present situation and perspectives (A. Minuto, G. Minuto, A. Garibaldi and M.L. Gullino).

Enabling farmers to adopt methyl bromide alternatives: Strategies and successes of technology transfer to individual farmers - the jordanian experience (Volkmar Hasse, Mashhour Khawaldeh, Ali Behadli, and Ahmed Sobh).

Replacing methyl bromide in developing countries – gtz approach and case studies (Melanie Miller).

Questioning the pest and quarantine status of the mango seed weevil in hawaii (Peter A. Follett & Zona Gabbard).

Current research of alternatives to methyle bromide in Japanease quarantine (Fusao Kawakami).

Fumigation of cut flowers with reduced dosage of methyl bromide (M. Kostyukovsky, Y. Carmi, H. Frandji, Y. Golani).

Heat for apple disinfestation - Fruit response and issues (Michael Lay-Yee, Karen Spooner, Barbara Waddell, Sharon Alderson).

Technology transfer issues involved in application of temperature and controlled atmosphere quarantine treatments for fresh commodities (Lisa G. Neven).

Technology transfer issues for irradiation quarantine treatments (Guy J. Hallman).

Technology transfer issues of temperature treatments for perishable commodities (Krista C. Shellie).

Table 1. Heat treatment schedules from the APHIS PPQ Treatment Manual (1994/96) (Krista C. Shellie).

Methyl bromide recovery (Gerhard F. Knapp)

Fig 1. MB Concentration Decay (Gerhard F. Knapp)

Fig 2. MBECp: 100% MB Capture with PAD (Gerhard F. Knapp)

New design for zeolite-based recapture (Errick Willis).

Decay control during refrigerated, ultra-low oxygen storage for disinfestation of mexican fruit fly (Krista C. Shellie and Robert L. Mangan).

Improving phosphine penetration into deep grain bin by aid of carbon dioxide (Y. Carmi, M. Kostyukovsky, Y. Golani, H. Frandji).

Propylene oxide, a registered fumigant, a proven insecticide (Morris Warren and Tom Griffith).

Natural Fumigants and Derivatives and Analogs (Joel Coats, Christopher Peterson, and Rong Tsao).

Catts quarantine treatments for sweet cherries: a dream or reality? (Lisa G. Neven, and Stephen R. Drake).

A quarantine treatment that improves quality development of combination heat & ca treatments for apples and pears (Lisa G. Neven, and Stephen R. Drake).

Methods which may prove beneficial to maintaining sweet cherry quality after quarantine treatments (Gilbert F. Simmons and James D. Hansen).

Control of Grape Mealybug using Carbon Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide (Elizabeth J. Mitcham and Shijun Zhou).

Disinfestation of nitidulid beetles from dried fruits by modified atmospheres (S. Navarro, E. Donahaye, Miriam Rindner and A. Azrieli).

Update on electronic monitoring of stored-product insects (Dennis Shuman and Nancy D. Epsky).

Control of flour moths on commodities stored in small warehouses using the igr, fenoxycarb (D.L. Silhacek, S. Dyby, and C. Murphy).

Heat Plus Diatomaceous Earth Treatment for Stored-product Insect Management in Flour Mills (Alan K. Dowdy and Paul W. Fields).

Methyl bromide alternatives for structure disinfestation: A European perspective (Paul Fields, Francis Fleurat-Lessard, and Jean-Marc Le Torch).

Incorporating pest management into food plant good manufacturing practices (GMP's) (Dean M. Stanbridge).

German Bilateral Support for Methyl Bromide Alternatives (Peter Stoermer, Ph.D., and Melanie Miller).

Costing the phase-out of methyl bromide for non-soil uses in the united kingdom (Robert W. Taylor).

Phytotoxicity of Fresh Commodity to New Alternative Fumigants (Obenland, D. M., Jenner, J. F., Aung, L. H., Leesch, J. and Zettler, L.).

Trapping Methyl Bromide on Activated Carbon (J. G. Leesch and Gerhard F. Knapp).

Electron beam disinfestation of cut flowers (Dohino, T., F. Kawakami and T. Hayashi).

Quality of apples and pears after exposure to irradiation as a quarantine treatments (S.R. Drake, P.G. Sanderson and L.G. Neven).

Radiation quarantine treatment for blueberries to replace methyl bromide (Guy J. Hallman).

Radiation quarantine treatment for blueberries to replace methyl bromide Figure 1. (Guy J. Hallman).

Penetration of infested stored-products by ehf/shf microwave energy (Steven L. Halverson, Timothy S. Bigelow, and Kathleen Lieber).

Portable electron beam systems (Paul Leek and David Hall).

Irradiation as a Phytosanitary Treatment of Fresh Horticultural Commodities (Paisan Loaharanu).

Irradiation-induced changes in phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity and phenolic compounds in grapefruit flavedo (R.E. McDonald, W.R. Miller, and T.G. McCollum).

Update on replacement linear accelerator at florida Department of Agriculture (Burrell Smittle).

Cylinder-based phosphine for control of postharvest insect pests (Thomas W. Phillips).

Control of stored product pests with vikane gas fumigant (sulfuryl fluoride) (Brian M. Schneider and Preston L. Hartsell).

A new system to protect stored cocoa beans from insects without the use of methyl bromide (Stephen W. Bullington).

Quality preservation of stored dry fruit by carbon dioxide enriched atmospheres (E. Donahaye, S. Navarro, Miriam Rindner, and Avi Azrieli)

Use of parasitoids for control of overwintering indianmeal moth populations in postharvest dried fruits and nuts (J. A. Johnson and K. A. Valero).

Use of parasitoids for control of overwintering indianmeal moth populations in postharvest dried fruits and nuts (J. A. Johnson and K. A. Valero).

The horn generator/magtoxin granules system (Dr. Franziskus K. Horn George B. Luzaich).

Soil distribution of alternative fumigants to methyl bromide applied to strawberry beds by drip irrigation systems (Husein Ajwa and Tom Trout).

Bioherbicides as alternatives to methyl bromide for weed control (C. Douglas Boyette, Hamed K. Abbas, and Robert. E. Hoagland).

Yield of strawberries inoculated with biological control agents and planted in fumigated or non-fumigated soil (Carolee T. Bull and Husein Ajwa).

Methyl Bromide Use Patterns in the U.S. (Janet Carpenter).

VAPAM: Application is key to success A Viable Alternative for Methyl Bromide (Chuck Duerksen and Der-I Wang).

Effect of dazomet rate and incorporation method on pine production in southern pine nurseries (L. D. Dwinell and S.W. Fraedrich).

Phasing out methyl bromide in developing countries: reducing the gap (Corinna Gilfillan).

Integrated management of soil-borne pests in forest nurseries: a systems approach (Jennifer Juzwik, Laura Wallach, Raymond Allmaras, Michael Irvine, and Joseph O'Brien).

Reducing emission of methyl bromide from soil fumigation: effect of a sheet containing titanium dioxide (Y. Kobara, K. Inao and Y. Ishii).

Biological control of fusarium wilt diseases by nonpathogenic fusarium spp.: formulations and field efficacy (R.P. Larkin).

DITERA NEMATICIDE (Joe Maliekal, Mark Beach, and Prem Warrior).

Comparative Technical and Economical Data for Sustainable Soil Disinfestation Alternatives in Vegetables Crop for Plastic Greenhouses in South France (Christian MARTIN, and Muriel DUBOIS).

VAPAM as an alternative to methyl bromide for south florida tomato growers (Robert T. McMillan, Jr. and Herbert H. Bryan).

Electromagnetic fields (emf) for soil pest control as a MeBr alternative: efficacy and technology (P.Baugh, E. Medress, R. Wayland, F. Davis, and L. Vincent).

The Use of ENZONE to Control Soil Insect and Disease Problems (Neil Phillips, Jr., James P Mullen and A. Lawrence Christy).

Barrier film with orgalloy: already used for methyl bromide, also efficient with alternatives (Didier Roumilhac, Ben Simkin (Elf Atochem) and Jerome Fritsch).

Macerated Brassica leaves suppress Pythium ultimum and Rhizoctonia solani mycelial growth (Craig S. Charron and Carl E. Sams).

Mechanism of broccoli-mediated verticillium wilt reduction (K.G. Shetty, J.C. Hubbard, K.V. Subbarao and O.C. Huisman).

Modeling methyl bromide performance in plastic-mulched, bedded vegetable production (Dilip Shinde, A. G. Hornsby, and M. R. Savabi).

Efficacy of methyl bromide and methyl iodide against lesion nematodes harbored in rose roots (J.O. Becker, C.M. Hutchinson1, H.D. , M.E. McGiffen, Jr., and J.J. Sims).

Determination of mitc in air downwind of fields treated with metam sodium by drip irrigation (James E. Woodrow, James S. LeNoir, and James N. Seiber).

Penetration of Heat into Cereal-grain Processing Equipment During a Facility Heat TreAtment (Alan K. Dowdy).

Update on Domestic and International Methyl Bromide Regulatory Issues (Bill Thomas).

The effects of temperature on residual efficacy of cyfluthrin wettable powder (Frank H. Arthur).

Procedures to facilitate release of immature parasitoids into bulk grain storage as infested, parasitized kernels (Charles Burks, James Baker, and David Hagstrum).

Radiation doses for quarantine security against mexican rice borer and sugarcane borer (Darmawi, J. Legaspi, and G. J. Hallman).

Evaluation of a manufactured electronic grain probe insect counter (Nancy D. Epsky and Dennis Shuman).

Quarantine treatments for cryptophlebia in hawaiian lychee and longan (Peter A. Follett, Suzy Sanxter and Bob Lower).

Hot water treatment for mealybugs on limes (Walter P. Gould and Ray McGuire).

Potential quarantine treatments against plum curculio to replace methyl bromide (Guy J. Hallman).

Evaluation of a Recirculating SAFE-HEAT® Thermal Pest Eradication Chamber to Control Commodity Pests (A. L. Hoch, D. Topp, B. C. Zeichner, and Z. Mehr).

The Economics of Irradiation and the Gray Star Food Irradiator (Albert S. Marulli).

Refrigerated storage and ripening of irradiated papaya (SOLO 'SUNRISE') (W. R. Miller and R. E. McDonald).

Postharvest fresh commodity quality/phytotoxicity after alternative mb treatments (David M. Obenland, L. H. Aung and J. F. Jenner).

Technology transfer: Training in developing nations for commercial HTFA quarantine export operations -the Cook Islands success story (Robert J. Petry)

Modeling a generic lethal heat dose for mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens) (Donald B. Thomas & Krista C. Shellie).

Chemical alternatives for methyl bromide treatments of dried fruits and nuts (J. Larry Zettler and J. G. Leesch),

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